If couples are facing issues in conceiving even after one year of having unprotected intercourse might have higher chances of infertility problems. Above everything, one should know that infertility is not all about just women. Men too can have infertility issues. When a couple is facing a hard time in getting pregnant or conceiving then it is just likely to be caused by a problem with a man’s fertility as it is with a woman’s fertility. Fertility can be the issue with both men and women, what you have to do is go for the diagnostics for infertility.
40% of male infertility problems are due to the problem with the man than a woman. So, it is important that both the man and the woman should go for the infertility tests. If you are ignoring your male infertilityissues for a long time, you should get yourself medically tested. Fertility is a big concern and you need diagnostics for infertility.
The list of infertility tests provided below are the medical tests which are common for the men and women:
1. These basic tests include:
a- Complete Blood Count (CBC)
b- Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
c- Blood Sugar – Fasting and PP
d- Vitamin B12, Vitamin D3
e- Syphilis (VDRL)
f- Hepatitis HBsAg
Male Infertility problems arise mainly because of the low sperm count in men. To get your sperm checked, you’ll need to get your semen analysis tested. You should know that semen is the sperm that contains fluid that is released when you ejaculate.
1- Semen Analysis: Semen analysis is basically done to medically check the sperm count and quality of the sperm. For the positive test typically 1.5 and 5.5 milliliters (mL) of semen is required generally. The semen analysis is generally done to check the sperm count and quality of the sperm.
2- Sperm count: Sperm count is measured in ‘sperm per milliliter of semen.’ This is the count of 20 million sperms or greater then this is considered to be normal for men to be fertile. The lower range of sperm count may tell that you are infertile.
3- Sperm quality: Sperm quality usually measures that is based on two parameters: mobility and quality of sperms. Sperm mobility is the percentage of sperms that are actively in the sample. They are also marked on the basis of speed on which they travel and also the sperm's direction of movement. In the analysis, if 50% or more sperms are found to be motile even after one hour of obtaining the sperm sample, the results are considered to be normal. Sperms should be moving with a good speed that is called motility, and that too forward in a straight line. If 50% or less numb of sperms are found to be non-motile, then a sperm viability medical test is done, where a colored dye or stain is used to identify the dead sperms if available.
4- Sperm morphology: The structure, shape, size, and appearance of sperms is also observed. Abnormal sperms may have defective heads, immature forms, and midsections. Over 14% of sperms should have normal heads. In the semen analysis, semen should have pH between 7.2 and 7.8.
5- Semen Culture: A semen culture is a medical test that is done to check with the contamination of the fluid with harmful pathogens available. If it is found that semen is infected with bacteria, it may affect semen quality and the sperms, the medications need to be done. If it comes positive then may indicate urinary tract infection.
Worried about low sperm count, please read our article on Normal Sperm Count for Pregnancy. To know about tips to increase sperm count you can try vitamins and minerals to increase the sperm count and to boost your fertility.
Anti - Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is the hormone produced by ovarian follicles. AMH level denotes ovarian reserves and quality of ovarian eggs for a female. It is also known as Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS). Normal AMH levels of 1.5 to 4.0 ng/ml, is associated with good fertility and have been found to have better response rates to fertility treatments.Low AMH level is not a good indicator of fertility.
The uterus is a female reproductive organ and is responsible for different reproductive functions such as implantation, menses, gestation, labor and delivery. It is located in the pelvic area between the bladder and the rectum. It is also receptive to hormonal changes within the female body thus allowing adaption to different stages of reproductive cycle.
Sperm Motility refers to the movement and swimming capability of a sperm. Motility is a standard measurement to know whether a sperm can swim properly inside a womens uterus and fallopian tube. Normal values are more than 50% and below 25% its considered almost infertile.
Normally a count of 40 to 300 million sperms per milliliter of semen is considered healthy and effective for natural pregnancy. In case your sperm count falls less than 20 million, your sperm is not healthy and you need proper treatment along with dietary and lifestyle changes.
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