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Diagnostics to Identify Infertility in Men
Infertility, Fertility, & Ovulation Symptoms
11 January 2017 Visits: 23003
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Diagnostics to Identify Infertility in Men

Diagnostics to Identify Infertility in Men
Dr. Sohani Verma
Written by

Dr. Sohani Verma

Fertility issues are not a taboo anymore, be it male infertility or female infertility. Infertility in men can now be identified by diagnostics for infertility.

If couples are facing issues in conceiving even after one year of having unprotected intercourse might have higher chances of infertility problems. Above everything, one should know that infertility is not all about just women. Men too can have infertility issues. When a couple is facing a hard time in getting pregnant or conceiving then it is just likely to be caused by a problem with a man’s fertility as it is with a woman’s fertility. Fertility can be the issue with both men and women, what you have to do is go for the diagnostics for infertility.

Infertility, Male Infertility

40% of male infertility problems are due to the problem with the man than a woman. So, it is important that both the man and the woman should go for the infertility tests. If you are ignoring your male infertilityissues for a long time, you should get yourself medically tested. Fertility is a big concern and you need diagnostics for infertility.

The list of infertility tests provided below are the medical tests which are common for the men and women:

These basic tests include:

  • Complete Blood Count (CBC)
  • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
  • Blood Sugar – Fasting and PP
  • Vitamin B12, Vitamin D3
  • Syphilis (VDRL)
  • Hepatitis HBsAg

Male Infertility problems arise mainly because of the low sperm count in men. To get your sperm checked, you’ll need to get your semen analysis tested. You should know that semen is the sperm that contains fluid that is released when you ejaculate. 

1- Semen Analysis:

Semen analysis is basically done to medically check the sperm count and quality of the sperm. For the positive test typically 1.5 and 5.5 milliliters (mL) of semen is required generally. The semen analysis is generally done to check the sperm count and quality of the sperm. 

2- Sperm count:

Sperm count is measured in ‘sperm per milliliter of semen.’ This is the count of 20 million sperms or greater then this is considered to be normal for men to be fertile. The lower range of sperm count may tell that you are infertile. 

Fertility, Infertility

3- Sperm quality:

Sperm quality usually measures that is based on two parameters: mobility and quality of sperms. Sperm mobility is the percentage of sperms that are actively in the sample. They are also marked on the basis of speed on which they travel and also the sperm's direction of movement. In the analysis, if 50% or more sperms are found to be motile even after one hour of obtaining the sperm sample, the results are considered to be normal. Sperms should be moving with a good speed that is called motility, and that too forward in a straight line. If 50% or less numb of sperms are found to be non-motile, then a sperm viability medical test is done, where a colored dye or stain is used to identify the dead sperms if available.

4- Sperm morphology:

The structure, shape, size, and appearance of sperms is also observed. Abnormal sperms may have defective heads, immature forms, and midsections. Over 14% of sperms should have normal heads. In the semen analysis, semen should have pH between 7.2 and 7.8. 

5- Semen Culture:

A semen culture is a medical test that is done to check with the contamination of the fluid with harmful pathogens available. If it is found that semen is infected with bacteria, it may affect semen quality and the sperms, the medications need to be done. If it comes positive then may indicate urinary tract infection.

Get a complete guide to Normal Sperm Count for Pregnancy. If your sperm count is not within the range, then explore the tips to increase sperm count and hence boost your fertility.

Dr. Sohani Verma

About The Author

Infertility Specialist

Dr. Sohani Verma

Delhi

Dr. Sohani Verma is an infertility specialist, gynecologist and obstetrician specializing in Infertility treatments like IUI, IVF, Endometriosis treatment and Menopausal problems treatment. She completed MBBS from Jabalpur University in 1976 and then pursued MRCOG from Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, United Kingdom in 1983. She has also pursued FRCOG, FICOG, FIMSA, PGDMLS, PGDHHM, FMAS. Dr. Sohani has treated several patients with different types of health problems successfully and helped them achieve the desired results. Dr. Sohani is presently practicing at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Sarita Vihar, Delhi.

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  1. Branswell, Helen (15 December 2008) Success rate climbs for in vitro fertilization. The Canadian Press.
  2. Chatterjee, Paramita "IVF: Fertile Ground" BW Businessworld. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  3. Goldstein, Jacob (19 August 2008) California Doctors Can’t Refuse Care to Gays on Religious Grounds. Wall Street Journal.
  4. IVF costs to NHS 'must be capped', says fertility expert.BBC News. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  5. "IVF Treatment Step Four: Final Oocyte" Infertility.about.com. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  6. Natural cycle IVF Archived 12 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine. at the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority homepage.
  7. "NHS access to IVF being cut in England"BBC News. 7 August 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017.

3 Comments

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Aditi Singh
Aug. 21, 2017, 2:39 p.m.
 4.5
My question is how does age affect sperm morphology and what are the different ways in which it contributes to male infertility?
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Manmeet Sharma
Aug. 21, 2017, 2:35 p.m.
 5.0
Checking family history is also one of the diagnostics for infertility. This includes asking questions about any inherited conditions, chronic health problems, illnesses, injuries or surgeries that could affect fertility. Your doctor might also ask about your sexual habits and even about your sex...
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Shrabani Saha
Aug. 21, 2017, 1:09 p.m.
 5.0
Male infertility is counted by sperm count. Have read somewhere regarding the estimation that 1 in 20 men has some kind of fertility problems with low numbers of sperm in his ejaculate. However, only about 1 in every 100 men has no sperm in his ejaculate.
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It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

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