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    pink loader
    fertility basics

    Know about Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek - Person behind Sperm Cell Discovery

    • 4.8   (7 Votes)

    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek is the person who has discovered sperm cell for the first time in the world. Sperm cell discovery brought beginnings in the field of Microbiology. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek is also known as Father of Microbiologist for his work on microscopes.

    Ever wondered, how the egg-sperm theory of pregnancy was solved years back? Well, in this article we bring you all the relevant information you would want to know about how first sperm cell discovery took place and who was the first sperm cell discoverer? Well, it was no other than the first microbiologist in the world- Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek, who is famous all across the globe for his many discoveries including sperm cell, blood cell, milk cell, spit, and even tears. (1) (2)

    Know all about the world’s first microbiologist

    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek is considered as the first microbiologist because of his incomparable and peerless discoveries including sperm cell and rare disease of short-breathed hiccups. (4) He invented the first single-lens microscope, which could magnify human vision up to 300 times. He has also made several observations on muscle fibers, bacteria, spermatozoa, and blood flow. Through his invention, he could analyze even the smallest composition, either a piece of cheese or eyes of an insect. During his research and study, he sent almost 560 letters to the Royal Society. (3)

    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek

    He is also known as ‘Father of Microbiology’. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek is considered the first micro-scopist and micro-biologist. He also contributed to establishing microbiology as a field of study in science.

    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek was born and brought up in Delft, Netherlands. He married twice and had one daughter named Maria from the first wife Barbara de Mey. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek invented the first single cell microscope which can magnify human vision up to 300 times and was capable of analyzing a number of composition, even the smallest one like an insect’s eye. The microscope invented by Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek helped in a number of discoveries in the field of molecular biology, especially the discovery of sperm cell. It marked a revolutionary point in the field of planning pregnancy. It is believed that Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek created more than 500 optical lenses and invented almost 25 single-lens microscopes. (5)

    What led Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek for the first sperm cell discovery?

    Can you believe, Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek discovered sperm cells just after he made out with his wife? As he was requested by the Royal Society in London to carry out his research on sperm cells, he was quite active unlike other males after the act. It is said that the moment he ejaculated inside his wife he was out of bed to grab his microscope and look out for any living bodies in the semen. He discovered that in the semen, there are some living animal like tiny bodies with a blunt head and transparent tail. He even drew the images and presented it to the Royal Society of London. He wrote everything in a letter in 1677 and described his discovery as “de Natis e seminar genital Animalcules,” and the sperms as “animalcules”. (6) (7)

    First microbiologist

    How his discovery helped in understanding the pregnancy process?

    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek made a number of discoveries through his microscope that helped him gain the reputed status of ‘First Microbiologist’. He discovered sperm cell; muscle fibers, bacteria, and blood flow in the capillaries. (9)The discovery of sperm cell by Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek helped a number of scientists and researches to find solutions to male infertility. (10) Sperm cell determines the gender of the baby growing inside the mother’s womb. The discovery of sperm cell by Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek has guided doctors and gynecologists to help a number of couples who are planning for pregnancy. (8)

    Hope this article has been able to address your curiosity on first sperm cell discovery in the world. Follow Ela Woman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and updates.





    Nutan Nigam

    A very informative article, I never knew about Antonie scientific research and his contribution to the living sciences. Thanks for sharing!

    Dec. 24, 2018, 12:45 p.m. 5.0


    Deepak Negi

    I read about Antonie van Leeuwenhoek during my classes. And I strongly agree with the points mentioned in the article.

    Oct. 13, 2018, 11:03 a.m. 4.5


    Nelson Bing

    If his letters were answered then, we might have more discoveries from him. His spermatozoa research in 1677 was really fruitful for all humankind.

    Oct. 11, 2018, 7:58 p.m. 5.0


    Billy Joe

    I would love to read more about him and his research. Good article indeed.

    Aug. 29, 2018, 4:55 p.m. 4.5


    Shanti Mehta

    It was a good read, I would like to add though. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek died at the age of 90 with a disease, which was named after him as van Leeuwenhoek's disease.

    May 15, 2018, 3:53 p.m. 5.0


    Prateek Wadhwa

    "As far as I know about Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, he was an impossible researcher, since he originated from a group of tradesmen, he had no fortune and got no advanced education or college degrees. This would have been sufficient to bar him from established researchers totally, yet with expertise an…

    Oct. 30, 2017, 12:01 p.m. 5.0


    Prateek Wadhwa

    When it comes to sperm cell, we can say that a sperm cell is a male sex cell. All developed living organisms produce sex cells. Sex cells are the cells that, when consolidated, deliver a totally new organism. For instance, a human female produces egg cells (female sex cells) in their ovaries. This …

    Oct. 30, 2017, 12:01 p.m. 4.5

    View all comments

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