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Best emergency contraceptive pills in India are iPill, Unwanted 72, Clr-72, No will pill, and Preventol. Birth control methods of the emergency types are prescribed in case of PCOS, low estrogen level, endometriosis, and extreme periods pain. Emergency contraceptive pills side effects are chest pain, abdominal pain, eye pain, and speech problems.
Use of emergency contraceptive pills is growing in India due to the increased tendency of getting into a casual relationship, pregnancy concern due to premarital sex, and unsafe sex. Many people, after facing some common concerns like how to do sex, often get stuck on the question of how to avoid a pregnancy or get effective emergency contraception for the purpose. (3) Emergency pills are taken within a certain time-frame to prevent pregnancy after having unprotected sex. It may be a birth control method but sometimes young girls with early menstrual periods are also prescribed contraceptive pills. This can be in the case of irregular or heavy menstrual periods, menstrual cramps, hormone replacement therapy, acne, PMS, Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI) and endometriosis. (1) (2)
Here are some of the cases in which a doctor prescribes a contraceptive pill.
- Women who have unprotected sex and want to prevent pregnancy
- If she has Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), that causes hormonal imbalance, the contraceptive pill helps to lower hormone levels
- If she has low estrogen level, the contraceptive pills help to control estrogen, which is important for healthy bones.
- Women suffering from endometriosis, a disorder in which tissue that lines the uterus grows outside the uterus.
- Girls experiencing extreme pain during a period and not responding to other medications are also prescribed birth control pills.
What is Emergency Contraceptive Pill (ECP)?
ECP is a way for those looking for how to avoid pregnancy after having unprotected sex. Often called birth control pills, these pills contain the hormone Levonorgestrel, which prevents the egg from getting fertilized, thus avoiding pregnancy. Generally, the pill is said to work even after 72 hrs of unprotected sex but can be taken immediately for quicker results. (4) (5)
How Does Contraceptive Pills Work?
Emergency Contraceptive Pills contains a high dosage of a hormone called Levonorgestrel. These hormones delay menstrual cycle and prevent the egg from getting fertilized. It does not protect you from sexually transmitted diseases and does not cause abortions if the egg is already fertilized. (6) (7)
Negative Effects of ECP
Most women take emergency contraceptive pills without consulting a doctor or without any precautions. This can sometimes cause serious problems in health and reproduction. Emergency Contraceptive Pills with estrogen have more side effects and can cause blood clots in the legs, eyes, and lungs. However, there are very few cases of women suffering from emergency contraceptive side effects. Some of the side-effects are (8) (9):
- Abdominal or stomach pain
- Chest pain, cough, shortness of breath
- Headache, dizziness, weakness, or numbness
- Eye problems
- Speech problems
- Severe leg pain
Best Emergency Contraceptive Pills Available in India to avoid Pregnancy
There are a lot of ECPs available in India and some are more effective than others, so how would you decide to go for a particular emergency contraceptive pill. To ensure the health and safety of young girls, it is vital to refer to all the ECP pills available in India. It can be determined by user ratings, reviews, and doctor's prescription. (10)
Here is the list of 5 best emergency contraceptive pills in India:
- I-pill Emergency Contraceptive Pill
- Unwanted 72
- No-will pill
1. I-pill Emergency Contraceptive Pill
I-Pill is a product of Piramal Healthcare and is considered one of the best contraceptive pills in India. The EPC has the hormone levonorgestrel which provides absolute protection when taken immediately after unwanted sex and contraceptive failure. The pack contains only one pill and it is taken within 72 hours after unprotected sex. It effectively does the job of preventing pregnancy or in some cases balancing hormone levels. It has to be, however, used cautiously to avoid I Pill side effects.
- Effectiveness: 90-95 %
- Price: Rs. 80
2. Unwanted 72
Unwanted 72 birth control pill is also a popular emergency contraceptive pill in India. Manufactured by Mankind Pharmaceuticals, it is a hormone based contraceptive pill which is free from estrogen therefore do not have any side effects like nausea or gastrointestinal upsets. As the name suggests, these contraceptive pills are to be taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex to prevent a potential pregnancy.
- Effectiveness: 85-90%
- Price: Rs. 80
Launched by Hill Life Care Ltd, Preventol is one of the inexpensive and comparatively effective emergency contraceptive pills in the market. It comes in a pack with two pills, one which should be taken immediately after unprotected sex and the other within 12 hours. It may not be as much as effective if you consume it after 12 hours. The pill contains 0.75 mg of levonorgestrel hormone which is very effective in preventing the sperm from entering the egg. The emergency contraceptive pill price is kept low to make it affordable for all.
- Effectiveness: 70-75%
- Price: Rs. 50
Manufactured by Vardhman Life Care Pvt. Ltd., this oral emergency contraceptive pill is very effective and has the highest recommendations from its users. It completely blocks the passage of sperms to the egg, thus preventing unwanted pregnancy. Clr-72 is to be consumed under 72 hours of unprotected sex.
- Effectiveness: 80-90%
- Price: Rs. 78
5. No-will pill
No-will pill is a reliable and cost-effective way to avoid unintended pregnancy and to stop ovulation. This 1.5 MG Tablet is a progestin that changes the lining of the uterus preventing the fertilized egg from getting implanted. The contraceptive pill is to be consumed within 24 hours of unprotected sex but can be consumed sooner as well for immediate effects. It reduces the risk of pregnancy by 80% without causing any kind of side-effects.
- Effectiveness: 70-80%
- Price: Rs. 72
The effectiveness of emergency contraceptive pills lies in formulation and the types of drugs used. Pills containing levonorgestrel hormone are more likely to prevent pregnancy but there are also chances of serious negative contraceptive side effects. EPCs that are free from estrogen are less likely to show the best results but does not cause any side-effects.
These Emergency Contraceptive Pills are not recommended for regular consumption as it may cause serious side effects after repeated exposure to estrogen and levonorgestrel hormone. If you have any problem with your health and menstrual cycle, you should first refer to your doctor before popping up the pill. You should avoid taking these pills if:
- You are planning to become pregnant or are breast-feeding a baby.
- You are going through health problems or suffer from a tendency of tubal pregnancy.
- You are consuming other prescription drugs, herbal medicines or dietary supplements.
- You are taking particularly any antifungals, anticoagulants or valproic acid.
- You are below seventeen years of age.
- You are a diabetic
All these pills are very effective after unprotected sex but what you choose to take is up to you. The use of emergency contraceptive pills is growing, therefore, the manufacturers also take precautions to make the pills more effective without any negative effects. Even though these pills are not harmful in a single use, but it may cause some ovulation and health issues on a long-term so we recommend you visit your doctor to get proper information on these pills. If you want to make an appointment with a doctor or want to know more on contraceptive pills contact +918929020600.
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:
- ^ Emergency Contraception | World Health Organization Who.int, 13 July 2019
- ^ Emergency Contraception | KidsHealth Kidshealth.org, 13 July 2019
- ^ Emergency Contraception | ACOG M.acog.org, 13 July 2019
- ^ Emergency Contraceptive Pill | Family Planning Familyplanning.org.nz, 13 July 2019
- ^ What Is the Emergency Contraceptive Pill Simcoemuskokahealth.org, 13 July 2019
- ^ How Do Emergency Contraceptive Pills Work K4health.org, 13 July 2019
- ^ How the Pill Works to Prevent Pregnancy | Verywell Health Verywellhealth.com, 13 July 2019
- ^ Emergency Contraception Types, Effectiveness, Side Effects, and More | WebMD Webmd.com, 13 July 2019
- ^ Emergency Contraception Side Effects | Healthline Healthline.com, 13 July 2019
- ^ Emergency contraception - Lifestyle News | India Today Indiatoday.in, 13 July 2019
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