family planning

Copper - T - What to do when this Birth Control Method fails?

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Copper T is one of the most effective birth control methods used in today's times. Copper T prevents chances of occurrence of getting pregnant. No birth control method gives accurate results. If failure of Copper T occurs then the visible threads are removed under the guidance of experts. Dilation and Evacuation is also performed to remove the threads.

Copper T is an intrauterine device used as a birth control measure. Though the IUDs effectiveness is excellent but failure rates leads to a substantial rise in unwanted pregnancies and thus, induced abortions. IUD is amongst the most common and frequently used methods for birth control.

Is Copper T 100% Effective for Birth Control?

With every birth control measure, there is always a failure rate thus, results in unwanted pregnancy. The pregnancy rate for failed Copper-T lies between 1 to 3 percent.

What are the Pregnancy Symptoms with Copper-T?

Below is a brief list of pregnancy symptoms you will experience while using Copper-T:

1- One of the earliest pregnancy sign is implantation bleeding which takes place after 6 to 12 days when the egg has been fertilized. It is mild spotting when the egg implants itself in the uterus.

2- Cramping is similar to what you feel during your normal cycle accompanied with bleeding. Women confused it with the beginning of their cycles.

3- The other common symptom is missing your periods.

4- Positive pregnancy test.

Positive pregnancy test

5- You can see the contraceptive device presence along with pregnancy in sonographer.

6- Morning sickness during pregnancy is most common and well-known sign of pregnancy. As the name suggests, it is accompanied with vomiting and usually occurs in the morning.

7- Another sign with IUD is fatigue due to increase in pregnancy hormone i.e. Progesterone.

8- Changes in breasts are an early indicator of pregnancy. You might feel pain or increased tenderness in breasts.

What are the Complications in pregnancy with IUD (Intrauterine Contraceptive Device)?

There are higher chances of complications if the woman conceives with IUD still within her uterus. The risks can be:

1- Infection (Chorioamnionitis)- The membranes surrounding the fetus can become infected. It is a serious medical situation and starts with the advanced stage i.e. Sepsis which might involve blood infection. There is a risk of life if the infection gets widespread. It is advised to terminate the pregnancy and take proper antibiotics.

Infections (Chorioamnionitis)

2- Abortion- There is higher chances of abortion either induced or spontaneous.

3- It is important to understand that woman had an IUD for avoiding the pregnancy.

4- The Government of India has a rule under MTP (Medical Termination of Pregnancy) act where a woman can terminate the pregnancy within 20 weeks if pregnancy is a result of contraceptive failure.

5- Preterm Birth- There is higher chances of preterm birth. It has its own share of complications like the weight of neonate, the need of NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit), failure to thrive and many more.

6- Ectopic Pregnancy- There is chances of abnormal pregnancy if a woman conceives with Copper-T.

What to do When Pregnancy Happens with Copper T in Uterus?

1. If pregnancy is diagnosed with Copper-T inside the uterus then the Gynecologist can gently pull the visible threads or can use assistance ultrasound to make the procedure of removal easy and safe.

2. The other method of Dilation and Evacuation can be performed if the thread is not visible along with the removal of Copper-T.

Get a complete guide to birth control patch in avoiding pregnancy. Also, to know more about the effectiveness of birth control patches, check out our article on the effectiveness of patches in preventing pregnancy.

Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani

About The Author

Gynecologic Surgeon, Laparoscopic Surgeon Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani
Mumbai

Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani is an Infertility Specialist, Gynecologic Surgeon and Obstetrician, located in Mumbai and having an experience of almost a decade. Her alma mater is B J MEDICAL COLLEGE in Pune from where she completed her MBBS and MS in Obstetrics and Gynaecology in 2007 and 2009, respectively. In the following year, she pursued her DNB in Obstetrics and Gynecology. She received her Post Doctoral Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine from Krishna IVF Vizag and Nadkarni IVF Centre, Surat in 2013. She is the member of 3 different associations i.e. Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction (ISAR), Indian Medical Association (IMA), and Association of Medical Consultants. Her area of expertise includes Tubectomy/Tubal Ligation, Hysterectomy (Abdominal/Vaginal), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Caesarean Section and In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF). She is a consultant in Veda Fertility And Urology Care, Mira Road and is a visiting consultant in Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Road, Mumbai. You can get the contact details of Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani at elawoman.com

8 Comments

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Sahmita Pundhir

I was unaware of the possibilities and circumstances of failed copper T pregnancy. Thanks for sharing, it was really helpful.

Oct. 13, 2018, 11:21 a.m. 5.0

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Divya Kullar

I had undergone copper T insertion and I know it is really painful. Why do women have to undergo pain all the time?

Oct. 1, 2018, 10:58 p.m. 4.5

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Palak Kapadia

I think copper T is one of the safest and effective ways to stop pregnancy. Unwanted pregnancy with copper T can happen in very rare cases.

Aug. 19, 2018, 1 a.m. 5.0

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Kyanna Coleman

Mirena is a very famous brand in my country as an IUD device. In my opinion, copper T and Mirena are same.

Aug. 13, 2018, 9:02 a.m. 5.0

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Neha Mathur

If this is the case then having a patch is another good option as compared to copper-T.

June 2, 2018, 2:46 p.m. 5.0

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Merrylyn Abraham

It is strange that one can get pregnant with copper T on. There are many people who can not conceive without contraceptives also.

June 2, 2018, 12:56 p.m. 5.0

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Sneha Pokhriyal

I remember a case when a woman was found to be pregnant with copper T but later on it resulted into miscarriage. These are very dangerous I guess.

March 18, 2018, 11:56 p.m. 5.0

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Sumeer Gul

Feb. 18, 2018, 6:31 p.m. 4.5

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