Top Indian Cities
  • Delhi
  • Kolkata
  • Mumbai
  • Bangalore
  • Hyderabad
  • Lucknow
  • Pune
  • Ahmedabad
  • Chennai
  • Patna
  • Jaipur
  • Indore
  • Gurgaon
  • Surat
  • Bhopal
  • Nagpur
  • Varanasi
  • Noida
  • Kanpur
  • Ranchi
  • Amritsar
  • Udaipur
  • Ludhiana
  • Srinagar
  • Agra
  • Chandigarh
  • Allahabad
  • Bhubaneswar
  • Vadodara
  • Guwahati
  • Rajkot
  • Ghaziabad
  • Faridabad
    Top Global Cities
  • Abu Dhabi
  • Athens
  • Atlanta
  • Auckland
  • Bangkok
  • Bialystok
  • Bogota
  • Brno
  • Cancun
  • Cebu City
  • Chania
  • Chiang Mai
  • Chittagong
  • Colombo
  • Depok
  • Dhaka
  • Doha
  • Dubai
  • Eldoret
  • Gdansk
  • Gdynia
  • Haifa
  • Ipoh
  • Jakarta
  • Johor Bahru
  • Kathmandu
  • Katowice
  • Khon Kaen
  • Kiev
  • Klang
  • Kota Damansara
  • Kuala Lumpur
  • Limassol
  • London
  • Lviv
  • Madrid
  • Makati
  • Malacca
  • Manila
  • Mexicali
  • Mexico City
  • Minsk
  • Monroe
  • Moscow
  • Nairobi
  • New York City
  • Odessa
  • Padang
  • Penang
  • Peterborough
  • Phnom Penh
  • Phuket
  • Portland
  • Prague
  • Quezon City
  • Selangor
  • Singapore
  • Slupsk
  • Taichung City
  • Taipei
  • Tbilisi
  • Tehran
  • Tel Aviv
  • Thessaloniki
  • Tirana
  • Warsaw
  • Wroclaw
  • Zhubei
  • Zlin
    pink loader
    family planning

    IUD - Types of IUD, Advantages, and Disadvantages of IUDs

    • 4.8   (5 Votes)

    Intrauterine Contraception Device (IUD) is one of the most commonly utilized contraceptive methods. IUD is more effective than oral contraceptive pills. Copper T, Hormonal IUD, and Inert IUI are different types of IUDs. IUD is 99 % effective for women who are trying to avoid pregnancy.

    An intrauterine device (IUD), also known as an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD), is a small T-shaped plastic device with copper banded around the transverse arms, which is inserted into the uterus to prevent you from getting pregnant or conceive. IUD contraception is one of the best birth control methods that are better than oral contraceptive pills(1)

    The advantages of the IUD include the fact that it is highly effective in preventing you from getting pregnant or conceive, is reversible, and starts working almost immediately. Once the birth control IUD is removed, there is a quick return to fertility. IUD contraception is one of the best birth control methods that are better than oral contraceptive pills. The levonorgestrel-releasing IUD (99% effectiveness) is replaced every three to five years. The copper IUD is also 99% effective and only needs to be replaced every 10 years. (2)

    What are the types of IUD?

    Copper IUD or Copper-T

    It is a small plastic device which has the copper wire (acts as a spermicide) wrapped around its stem. It releases copper ion and stops sperm from fertilizing the egg and affects the transport of the egg in the fallopian tubes that prevent you from getting pregnant or conceive. (3)

    iud, birth control methods

    Hormonal IUD

    It is a small device of the shape similar to copper IUD which releases hormone (Progestin). It thickens cervical mucus to prevent sperm from entering your uterus. IUD contraception is one of the best birth control methods that are better than oral contraceptive pills. (4)

    Inert IUD

    It is similar to copper IUD and stainless steel (inert material) is used instead of copper. It is less effective than Copper and hormonal IUDs.

    How is IUD Used?

    The birth control IUD is inserted into the uterus by the doctor. The string at the end of the IUD will hang down through the cervix a short distance into the vagina and should be checked periodically (especially after menstruation). (5)

    Who can one use IUD?

    Healthy women can easily use birth control IUD. They are not right for every woman and some women should not use an IUD for contraception. Before an IUD is inserted, a woman will have a pregnancy test to ensure that she is not pregnant and will be tested for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). IUD contraception is one of the best birth control methods that are better than oral contraceptive pills. 

    The following are reasons that a woman should not use an IUD:

    • Ongoing pelvic infection, such as an STD or a recent STD
    • Cancer of the uterus or cervix
    • Unexplained vaginal bleeding
    • Abnormal or distorted uterine anatomy (6)

    What is the effectiveness of IUD?

    It is 99% effective

    How long is IUD effective?

    Copper T is effective for 10 years and Hormonal IUD is effective for 5 years. (7)

    iud, birth control methods

    What are the advantages of IUD?

    • Long-acting reversible contraception
    • Very effective contraception
    • Can stay in place for five or more year
    • Can be easily removed if you don’t like it or want to conceive
    • It is possible to get pregnant as soon as IUD is removed
    • It does not affect breastfeeding
    • It does not interfere with sexual intercourse
    • No-one else needs to know you are using it
    • There is no evidence of an increased risk of cancer
    • Copper IUDs do not contain any hormones (8)

    It is also suitable for women who cannot use estrogen-containing contraceptives, such as:

    • Those with a history of venous thromboembolism
    • Those with stroke, myocardial infarction, or other forms of arterial disease
    • Those with long-standing diabetes
    • Those subject to migraines
    • Women over 35 years who smoke heavily

    What are the disadvantages of IUD?

    • You have to have the birth control IUD inserted. This is usually a simple and safe procedure that is carried out by doctor or nurse who is experienced at fitting IUDs. It takes about 5 to 10 minutes.
    • Most women have some period like cramping. Some women feel pain and occasionally faint when the IUD is put in or removed. IUD contraception is one of the best birth control methods that is better than oral contraceptive pills. 
    • There are some health risks from having an IUD put in: There may be a small chance of infection (about 1%) when an IUD is put in
    • There is a very small risk of damage or perforation of the womb (about 1 in 1,000)
    • You may (rarely) get pregnant with an IUD
    • Copper IUD may cause excessive bleeding and cramping during periods
    • Copper can very rarely cause an allergic reaction (9)

    iud, birth control methods

    What are the contraindications of IUD?

    The use of the IUD is contraindicated in women who have:

    • Irregular vaginal bleeding which has not been diagnosed and could be due to cancer of the female sexual organs
    • Current or recent past history of pelvic infection
    • Current dysmenorrhea or menorrhagia which could be worsened by the IUD
    • Small uteri or abnormally-shaped uteri
    • Ovarian, cervical, or endometrial cancer (10)

    To know more about missed periods while on birth control pills, read our article on Birth control Pill Side Effects. If you are planning for IUI treatment then go through our curated list of Best IUI Clinics in Delhi.





    Tracey Wain

    I have used hormonal IUI as well as Copper IUD. In my opinion, Hormonal IUD is far better as compared to copper IUD.

    Aug. 14, 2018, 12:50 p.m. 5.0


    Jagadbandu Sthanumurthy

    Can copper T hurt partner while having intercourse?

    March 29, 2018, 5:56 p.m. 4.5


    Sarah Dolan

    Contraception should be taken after getting a full body check up. Any kind of infection inside the body can be harmful. Be careful while choosing them.

    Aug. 27, 2017, 12:22 p.m. 5.0


    Sanjeela Sharma

    Oral contraceptive pills are also an effective birth control method. But it takes more time with pills to get back to normal periods than IUD.

    Aug. 27, 2017, 12:18 p.m. 4.5


    Manik Agarwal

    IUD is one of the most effective birth control methods. One can choose IUD according to their body type.

    Aug. 27, 2017, 11:33 a.m. 5.0

    View all comments

    Leave a Comment



    The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

    It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

    More From Author

    Family Planning
    Best birth control methods for teenagers - Copper T insertion, Transdermal patch

    Best birth control methods for teenagers - Copper T insertion, Transdermal patch

    posted on 29 May 2019 4.8/ 5

    Best birth control methods for teenagers include Copper T insertion and Transdermal patch. Copper T insertion method of birth control is one of the in-demand birth contr…

    Read More

    Family Planning
    Female condoms - What are the Advantages, Disadvantages, Effectiveness?

    Female condoms - What are the Advantages, Disadvantages, Effectiveness?

    posted on 03 Jun 2019 4.8/ 5

    Female condoms are used by females to prevent successful contraception. Female condoms advantages are prevention of HIV, STD's, and unwanted pregnancy. Female condoms di…

    Read More

    Family Planning
    How to avoid pregnancy effectively? - Top 6 methods to do it

    How to avoid pregnancy effectively? - Top 6 methods to do it

    posted on 05 Jun 2019 4.8/ 5

    If you want to avoid pregnancy effectively, then you can choose 6 methods to avoid it without much side effects. Barrier methods like female and male condoms, birth cont…

    Read More

    Related Article view all

    Family Planning
    Female condoms - Benefits, Tips and Uses of female condoms

    Female condoms have several benefits which make them in demand among women who want to prevent unwanted pregnancy, occurrence of STDs as well as offering stimulation and pleasure. One can use female condom usage tips for the best experience and preventing pregnancies.

    Read More

    Family Planning
    Best birth control methods for teenagers - Copper T insertion, Transdermal patch

    Best birth control methods for teenagers include Copper T insertion and Transdermal patch. Copper T insertion method of birth control is one of the in-demand birth control tips in the recent times. Birth control shots and patches are also a good solution for birth control. Get to know the basics before opting for them.

    Read More

    Family Planning
    10 Condom Usage Mistakes You could be making - How to use male and female condom

    Top 10 Condom Usage Mistakes include tearing condom packet wrong, putting condom on the wrong side, not squeezing space, not storing properly, and buying condoms which have expired date. One needs to learn that how to use condom and how to wear condom to make sure that these mistakes are not repeated.

    Read More

    Trending Articles


    5 Best Surrogacy Doctors in India

    posted on 27 Dec 2018 4.5 / 5(1 Votes)

    Find the list of best surrogacy doctors in India who offers the best treatment with the highest success rate. The list has been categorized on the basis of doctors fame, experience, reviews, ratings, and cost. Dr. Mohit Saraogi from Saraogi Hospitals and IRIS IVF Centre and Dr. Kaberi Banerjee from Advanced Fertility Centre top the list of the best surrogacy doctors in India.

    Read More


    Best IVF Doctors in India with Highest Success Rates

    posted on 19 Dec 2018 4.7 / 5(3 Votes)

    Find here the list of best IVF doctors in India on the basis of Ratings, Success Rate, Services offered, IVF cost packages and available Facilities. Dr. Nisha Bhatnagar, Dr. Kaberi Banerjee and Dr. Anjali A Deval top the list of such IVF doctors in India due to their unique pricing system, popularity and high success rate.

    Read More


    Top Surrogacy Centres in India with Highest Success Rates

    posted on 20 Dec 2018 4.8 / 5(2 Votes)

    In this article we bring you the best Surrogacy Centres and clinics in India with Review Ratings, Cost Estimates, and Surrogacy Success Rate to help you make the best choice. Aveya IVF and Surrogacy Centre and Advanced Fertility and Surrogacy Centre tops the list of such surrogacy centres in India due to their low treatment costs, popularity and high success rates.

    Read More