family planning

Birth Control Shots - Latest Contraceptive Injection Method for Women

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  • 4.9   (6 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 17 Jul 2018 - Written by Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Birth Control Shots are the latest type of contraceptive injections for women. This birth control method is used in improving sex life, proves to be a long lasting pregnancy protection, and a private method for birth control. The risk factors of birth control shots need to be considered.

The birth control shot, Depo-Provera, is a hormonal injection that prevents unplanned pregnancy for three months at a time.

The hormone in this shot is progestin. Progestin works to prevent you from getting pregnant in two ways. Firstly, it prevents ovulation. Without ovulation, an egg is unable to leave the ovaries. If the egg can’t leave the ovaries, then sperm can’t fertilize the egg. Secondly, progestin thickens the mucus that lines the cervix. This thicker, sticky mucus is difficult for sperm to penetrate. If an egg is released during ovulation, this helps prevent sperm from fertilizing the egg and prevent you from getting pregnant. Contraception shots are one of the best birth control methods and better than the oral contraceptive pills. 

When it’s received as directed, the shot is 99 percent effective. To ensure optimal effectiveness, women should get their injection every three months, as directed. If you have your shot on time without delay, there’s a one in 100 chance that you will get pregnant. 

For women who don’t take the shot exactly as prescribed, which is often called “typical use,” the efficiency rate slips to around 94 percent. Getting the injection every 12 weeks is vital to maintaining your protection against pregnancy and prevents you from getting pregnant.  Contraception shots are one of the best birth control methods and better than the oral contraceptive pills

Birth control methods, Oral contraceptive pills

This contraceptive shot doesn't protect against STIs. You should still use a barrier method, such as latex or female condoms.

After your last contraceptive shot, you may not return to normal fertility and be able to get pregnant for up to 10 months. If you’re only looking for a temporary birth control method and wish to get pregnant again, the shot may not be right for you. Contraception shots are one of the best birth control methods and better than the oral contraceptive pills

How are birth control shots used?

The first thing you need to do is get a prescription. This can be provided by your doctor or a health care provider after an appointment with you to review your medical history.The health care provider will provide the injection and temporary bruising may occur on your arm. Contraception shots are one of the best birth control methods and better than the oral contraceptive pills

You have to visit your doctor and will inject the hormone into the upper arm or in the buttocks. The first contraceptive injection is injected within the first five days of your menstrual bleeding. and next injections are taken every three months. It is very important to get your injection on time. If you are more than two weeks late for an injection, you may need to get a pregnancy test before the contraceptive shot. Contraception shots are one of the best birth control methods and better than the oral contraceptive pills. 

What is the effectiveness of birth control shots?

It is 98% effective when taken every 3 months. If not taken regularly, it’s effectiveness reduces to 94%.

How long birth control shots is effective?

A single shot prevents pregnancy for three months.

Oral contraceptive pills, Birth control methods

What are the advantages of birth control shots?

  • Preventing cancer on the lining of the uterus
  • No daily pills required
  • Contains no estrogen (for women who are breastfeeding)
  • Private method of birth control (no messy packaging left around)
  • Improved sex life (feel more spontaneous)
  • No prep work before having sex (as required for condoms)
  • It is simple and convenient
  • It provides long lasting and effective pregnancy protection
  • Nothing to do right before sex
  • It is a private method of birth control

What are the disadvantages of birth control shots?

  • Irregular bleeding during first 6 to 12 months,
  • Periods usually become low and lighter or may stop after one year of use
  • There are few side effects like bleeding between periods and breast soreness

What are the risk factors to keep in mind?

You shouldn’t use a birth control shot if you:

  • Have or have had breast cancer
  • Take aminoglutethimide, which is a prescription medication used to treat Cushing’s disease
  • Have thinning of the bones or bone fragility

To know more about uses and side effects of Oral Contraceptive Pills, explore our article on Side effects of Contraceptive Pills. There are also natural ways to avoid pregnancy. For more insights, please read our article on Home Remedies To Avoid Pregnancy.

Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra

Written by

Obstetrician, Laparoscopic Surgeon
Kolkata

"Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra is a Laparoscopic Surgeon (Obstetrics and Gynecology) and Gynecologist based in Kolkata. He has nearly 3 decades of experience. He completed his MBBS from Nil Ratan Sircar College and Hospital, Kolkata in 1990. After that, he enrolled himself in Patna Medical College, Patna in 1993 to get a degree in MS in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. He went to Australia to do his Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery from Sydney University in 2005. With a book ""State of the Art of Laparoscopic Suturing"" under his name, he has been in a successful career of performing nearly 2000 Laparoscopic Procedures. He came back to India and became a member of the Indian Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (IAGE). He is very helpful to the patients having High-Risk Pregnancies and Abnormal Vaginal or Menstrual Bleeding. The patients seeking treatment for gynecological problems like Gyne Laparoscopy, Laparoscopic hysterectomy, IUI, and IVF can consult Dr. Mahapatra at Millenium Clinic, Teghoria and Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Barasat, Kolkata. You can get his contact details on www.elawoman.com"

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:


1.  Missed periods - reasons for delayed periods, primary and secondary amenorrhea  unplanned pregnancy, Elawoman - 2017
2.  7 most effective and expert tips for successful ivf pregnancy - ivf success tips  getting pregnant, Elawoman - 2017
3.  9 factors which affect sperm motility, count, and quality - how to deal with each?  sperm, Elawoman - 2017
4.  Emergency contraceptive pills - types, how to use, contraceptive pills in india  oral contraceptive pills, Elawoman - 2017
5.  Female condoms - what are the advantages, disadvantages, effectiveness?  female condoms, Elawoman - 2017
6.  Female condoms - effectiveness, advantages, disadvantages, and risks  pregnancy protection, Elawoman - 2017
7.  Vaginal ring - birth control method to avoid unwanted pregnancy  birth control, Elawoman - 2017
8.  Emergency oral contraceptive pills - ipill side effects, birth control pill effectiveness  Side effects of Contraceptive Pills, Elawoman - 2017
9.  Top 20 home remedies to avoid pregnancy naturally  Home Remedies To Avoid Pregnancy, Elawoman - 2017
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6 Comments

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Jolie Berrios

I forgot to get the shot after 12 weeks and got pregnant in the same month. Timing is seriously an issue with shits.

Oct. 10, 2018, 12:54 p.m. 5.0

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Aditi Rai

I think everyone is different because I got depo injections for 2 years and did not face any side effect. It was completely safe for me.

Aug. 28, 2018, 11:43 p.m. 5.0

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Sanjana Sethi

I think using birth control shots is the worst choice one can make as these have very serious side effects.

March 1, 2018, 1 p.m. 5.0

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Mohit Mhatre

Using shots with condoms can be more effective birth control method.

Aug. 27, 2017, 12:05 p.m. 5.0

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Deepak Patel

Oral contraceptive pills can be taken regularly whereas there are emergency contraceptive pills also available and they work even faster than normal ones but shouldn't be taken regularly.

Aug. 27, 2017, 12:04 p.m. 5.0

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Ravindra Togar

Contraceptive pills should be stopped if you feel nauseous and cramps continuously. Sometimes it might not be suitable for your body so better be careful before picking up one.

Aug. 27, 2017, 11:33 a.m. 4.5

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