family planning

Female condoms - Effectiveness, Advantages, Disadvantages, and Risks

  • 4.8   (8 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 17 Jul 2018 - Written by Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Female condoms are useful in preventing STIs and unwanted pregnancies. Condom for women benefits them as it can be used right before intercourse. You need to learn how to use condom before you choose it at the time of sex. You can learn about female condoms risks before using them.

Female condoms are an alternative to regular condoms can also be used as birth control. They provide pretty much the same great protection from pregnancy and STDs and used for birth control. Female condoms go inside the vagina for pregnancy prevention or into the vagina or anus for protection from STDs and reduce the chances of getting pregnant.

What do you need to know about the female condoms?

1- Store condoms in a cool, dry place: Heat may damage the condom. Check the expiration date.

2- Use a new condom every time you have sex: It is not washable or reusable.

3- Use it with a second form of protection: The best way to protect you and your partner is to use a condom with a sponge, cervical cap, or spermicide and can be used as birth control and reduce the chances of getting pregnant. Ask your healthcare provider for information about other methods of contraception. Do not use a female condom when your partner uses a male condom, as both can prevent you from getting pregnant. The two condoms may stick together and slip out of place.

How to use female condoms?

1- Find a comfortable position to insert the condom: You may sit, squat, or stand with one leg up on a chair.

2- Use water-based lubricant: Put 1 or 2 drops of water-based lubricant or spermicide on the outside of the closed end.

3- Insert the female condom: Hold the closed end of the condom and squeeze the inner ring between your thumb and your finger. Use your other hand to separate your labia (folds of skin around the vagina). Put the squeezed ring into your vagina and push it up as far as it can go. Place your index or middle finger, or both, inside the open end until the inner ring is felt. Push the inner ring as far back into your vagina as it can go.

4- Check the outer ring: Make sure the outer ring is close to the outside area of your vaginal opening. You may need to hold the outer ring as your partner inserts his penis. This helps prevent the entire condom from being pushed into your vagina and simply reduce the chances of getting pregnant.

contraception, birth control

Insertion Of Female Condoms:

Step 1- Lubricant should be put on the outside of the closed end.
Step 2 - Make your body in a comfortable position. ( You can stand with one foot, squat,  sit on the side of a chair, lie down on the bed,.)
Step 3 - Squeeze together the sides of the inner ring at the closed end and insert it into the vagina.
Step 4 - The inner ring should be pushed into the vagina until it reaches the cervix.
Step 5- Then pull out your finger and the outer ring should be hanged outside the vagina, even this prevents you from getting pregnant.

Removal Of Female Condom

Step 1- To keep sperm inside the pouch, you need to squeeze and twist the outer ring of female condom
Step 2 - You pull it out from anus or vagina.

What is the effectiveness offemalecondom?

It is 95% effective when used correctly but if you don’t use it correctly, its effectiveness reduces to 79%.

What are the advantages offemalecondom?

  • It gives protection against STDs and prevents you from getting pregnant
  • It can be used just before intercourse
  • Male does not need to withdraw right after ejaculation.

birth control methods, birth control

What are the disadvantages offemalecondom?

  • It may be moved during sex, be noisy, or uncomfortable
  • It can only be used for one-time
  • Cost is higher than male condom

What are the risks offemalecondom?

  • You may have discomfort from the outer ring.
  • You may have an allergy to the condom.
  • The condom may slip out or break.

This can increase your risk of pregnancy or an STI.

To know more about other birth control please read our article on Oral Contraceptive Pills. In case you are looking for male birth control then check our article on Advantages and Disadvantages of using Male Condoms.

Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra

Written by

Obstetrician, Laparoscopic Surgeon

"Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra is a Laparoscopic Surgeon (Obstetrics and Gynecology) and Gynecologist based in Kolkata. He has nearly 3 decades of experience. He completed his MBBS from Nil Ratan Sircar College and Hospital, Kolkata in 1990. After that, he enrolled himself in Patna Medical College, Patna in 1993 to get a degree in MS in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. He went to Australia to do his Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery from Sydney University in 2005. With a book ""State of the Art of Laparoscopic Suturing"" under his name, he has been in a successful career of performing nearly 2000 Laparoscopic Procedures. He came back to India and became a member of the Indian Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (IAGE). He is very helpful to the patients having High-Risk Pregnancies and Abnormal Vaginal or Menstrual Bleeding. The patients seeking treatment for gynecological problems like Gyne Laparoscopy, Laparoscopic hysterectomy, IUI, and IVF can consult Dr. Mahapatra at Millenium Clinic, Teghoria and Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Barasat, Kolkata. You can get his contact details on"


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Thanks for sharing this article. I was looking for the procedure to use female condoms.

Oct. 12, 2018, 9:09 a.m. 5.0


Deepak Raj

Oral contraceptive pills are good to use but it would not protect you from HIV/AIDS. If a man denies having a condom then, women should use them. Good share!

Aug. 12, 2018, 4:43 p.m. 5.0


Asmita Sahani

Women allergic to latex should avoid using female condoms, as it is made of latex.

Jan. 1, 2018, 11:56 a.m. 5.0


Surbhi Sandhu

I have a dryness problem so, using female condoms are suitable to me or not? Please suggest!

Nov. 10, 2017, 9:34 p.m. 4.5


Cherish Cogswell

Oral contraceptive pills are also an effective birth control method. However, one should choose them very carefully as they functions hormonal balance.

Aug. 27, 2017, 11:55 a.m. 4.5


Lipika Saha

Oral contraceptive pills are also an effective birth control method. However, one should choose them very carefully as they can affect hormonal balance.

Aug. 27, 2017, 11:55 a.m. 4.5


Sanjida Vengurlekar

Of all the birth control methods, condoms are the safest as they protect from catching STDs as well.

Aug. 27, 2017, 11:33 a.m. 5.0



Highly uncomfortable and costly. I used it once and it was a bad experience. It was hard to get it inside my vagina and made a horrible sound.

May 2, 2017, 10:29 a.m. 4.5

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