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    pink loader
    family planning

    Contraceptive Pills - When used, Types, Effectiveness, Benefits, and Side effects

    • 4.7   (7 Votes)

    Contraceptive pills are the most common birth control pills which help in regulating menstrual cycle, effective prevention for unwanted pregnancy, and fully reversible. These birth control pills are available as monophasic, multiphasic, and extended cycle pills.

    It is a medicine with hormones and taken daily orally to prevent pregnancy. It is also known as Contraceptive Pills. Hormones released by pills stop sperm from meeting an egg. It also stops ovulation. These hormones also help in thickening the mucus on the cervix. (1)

    Birth control pills, also called oral contraceptive pills, are medications you take by mouth that prevent you from getting pregnant. They’re an effective method of birth control. Find out how they work and what side effects they can cause, as well as other factors to help you decide if birth control pills are a good choice for you. (2)

    What are the types of contraceptive pills?

    1- Monophasic pills: These are used in one-month cycles and each active pill gives you the same dose of hormone. During the last week of the cycle, you take inactive pills and have your period.

    2- Multiphasic pills: These are used in one-month cycles and provide different levels of hormones during the cycle. During the last week of the cycle, you take inactive pills and have your period.

    3- Extended-cycle pills: These are typically used in 13-week cycles. You take active pills for 12 weeks, and during the last week of the cycle, you take inactive pills and have your period. (3)

    How are contraceptive pills used?

    Combination pills come in a variety of formats. These include monthly packs, which follow either 21-day, 24-day, or 28-day cycles. Extended regimens can follow 91-day cycles. For all of these formats, you take one pill each day at the same time of day. Progestin-only pills, on the other hand, only come in packs of 28. As with combination pills, you take one pill at the same time every day. (4)

    contraception, birth control methods

    Here are some ways to help you remember to take your pills every day:

    • Use a reminder app or set an alarm on your phone.
    • Keep your pill pack next to something you use every day (like your toothbrush or phone charger).
    • Keep your pills in your bag so they're always with you.
    • Friends or family members who take medicine every day can be pill buddies  
    • Your partner can help remind you. (5)

    How effective are contraceptive control pills?

    If taken correctly, birth control pills are very effective and prevent you from getting pregnant.

    To be fully effective, progestin pills must be taken within the same three-hour time period every day.

    The pill may also be less effective if you have diarrhea or vomiting. If you’ve had a stomach illness, check with your doctor to see if you’re at risk of pregnancy. Use a backup method of contraception until you know it’s safe. (6)

    What are the benefits of contraceptive pills?

    Birth control pills have a number of benefits:

    • They protect you 24/7. You don’t have to worry about birth control during intimacy as it prevents you from getting pregnant
    • They’re effective. They protect against pregnancy better than most other birth control options.
    • They help regulate your menstrual cycle. This can be helpful for women with irregular or heavy periods.
    • They’re fully reversible. This means when you stop taking them your cycle will return to normal and you can get pregnant later. (7)

    contraception, birth control

    There are also benefits depending on the type of pill. Combination pills may also provide some protection against and prevents you from getting pregnant:

    • Acne
    • Ectopic pregnancy
    • Thinning bones non-ca
    • Cancerous breast growths
    • Endometrial and ovarian cancer
    • Anemia
    • Heavy periods
    • Severe menstrual cramps

    What are the side effects and risks of contraceptive pills?

    While birth control pills are safe for most women, they do come with some side effects and risks. Every woman reacts differently to the hormones in birth control pills. Some women have side effects, such as:

    • Decreased sex drive
    • Nausea

    birth control methods, oral contraceptive pills

    • Bleeding between periods
    • Breast tenderness

    If you have these side effects, they will likely improve after a few months of using the pill. If they don’t improve, talk to your doctor. They may suggest that you switch to a different type of birth control pill. (8)

    A serious risk of using birth control pills, especially combination pills, is an increased risk of blood clots. This can lead to:

    • Deep vein thrombosis
    • Heart attack
    • Stroke
    • Pulmonary embolism





    Wahida Bhagwan

    My sister faced a stroke at the age of 30, Is it a side effect of oral contraceptive pills?

    Oct. 9, 2018, 10:37 a.m. 5.0



    I use extended cycle pills and have heavy cramps and bleeding during last week. Is it safe to have painkillers for my pain?? Please suggest!

    May 11, 2018, 2:34 p.m. 4.5


    Mandini Kapoor

    I always forget taking my pills so, every day I have to take 2-3 pills. And I have a severe headache because of it.

    Jan. 12, 2018, 12:30 p.m. 4.5


    Preeti Thakur

    My cycles became normal after 6 months of stopping birth control pills. Every woman is different. But I was lucky enough to conceive after 6 months.

    Nov. 2, 2017, 4 p.m. 4.5


    Kapil Kumar

    Birth control pills are very effective birth control method. But it takes time to get back into your normal cycles once you stop taking these pills. You need to wait for at least 3- 4 months so that your hormones get balanced.

    Nov. 2, 2017, 3:57 p.m. 5.0


    Sangida Sekh

    My decreased sex drive was troubling my husband so, I started using birth control patch. It's effective but I can't rely on them.

    Oct. 10, 2017, 9:26 a.m. 4.5


    Gurmeet Vij

    I use oral contraceptive pills either for preponing or postponing my cycles sometimes. It's really suitable for women with latex allergy.

    May 22, 2017, 11:22 a.m. 5.0

    View all comments

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