family planning

Contraceptive Pills - When used, Types, Effectiveness, Benefits, and Side effects

  • 4.7 (7 Votes)
  • 77005 views

Contraceptive pills are the most common birth control pills which help in regulating menstrual cycle, effective prevention for unwanted pregnancy, and fully reversible. These birth control pills are available as monophasic, multiphasic, and extended cycle pills.

It is a medicine with hormones and taken daily orally to prevent pregnancy. It is also known as Contraceptive Pills. Hormones released by pills stop sperm from meeting an egg. It also stops ovulation. These hormones also help in thickening the mucus on the cervix.

Birth control pills, also called oral contraceptive pills, are medications you take by mouth that prevent you from getting pregnant. They’re an effective method of birth control. Find out how they work and what side effects they can cause, as well as other factors to help you decide if birth control pills are a good choice for you.

What are the types of contraceptive pills?

1- Monophasic pills: These are used in one-month cycles and each active pill gives you the same dose of hormone. During the last week of the cycle, you take inactive pills and have your period.

2- Multiphasic pills: These are used in one-month cycles and provide different levels of hormones during the cycle. During the last week of the cycle, you take inactive pills and have your period.

3- Extended-cycle pills: These are typically used in 13-week cycles. You take active pills for 12 weeks, and during the last week of the cycle, you take inactive pills and have your period.

How are contraceptive pills used?

Combination pills come in a variety of formats. These include monthly packs, which follow either 21-day, 24-day, or 28-day cycles. Extended regimens can follow 91-day cycles. For all of these formats, you take one pill each day at the same time of day. Progestin-only pills, on the other hand, only come in packs of 28. As with combination pills, you take one pill at the same time every day.

contraception, birth control methods

Here are some ways to help you remember to take your pills every day:

  • Use a reminder app or set an alarm on your phone.
  • Keep your pill pack next to something you use every day (like your toothbrush or phone charger).
  • Keep your pills in your bag so they're always with you.
  • Friends or family members who take medicine every day can be pill buddies  
  • Your partner can help remind you.

How effective are contraceptive control pills?

If taken correctly, birth control pills are very effective and prevent you from getting pregnant.

To be fully effective, progestin pills must be taken within the same three-hour time period every day.

The pill may also be less effective if you have diarrhea or vomiting. If you’ve had a stomach illness, check with your doctor to see if you’re at risk of pregnancy. Use a backup method of contraception until you know it’s safe.

What are the benefits of contraceptive pills?

Birth control pills have a number of benefits:

  • They protect you 24/7. You don’t have to worry about birth control during intimacy as it prevents you from getting pregnant
  • They’re effective. They protect against pregnancy better than most other birth control options.
  • They help regulate your menstrual cycle. This can be helpful for women with irregular or heavy periods.
  • They’re fully reversible. This means when you stop taking them your cycle will return to normal and you can get pregnant later.

contraception, birth control

There are also benefits depending on the type of pill. Combination pills may also provide some protection against and prevents you from getting pregnant:

  • Acne
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Thinning bones non-ca
  • Cancerous breast growths
  • Endometrial and ovarian cancer
  • Anemia
  • Heavy periods
  • Severe menstrual cramps

What are the side effects and risks of contraceptive pills?

While birth control pills are safe for most women, they do come with some side effects and risks. Every woman reacts differently to the hormones in birth control pills. Some women have side effects, such as:

  • Decreased sex drive
  • Nausea

birth control methods, oral contraceptive pills

  • Bleeding between periods
  • Breast tenderness

If you have these side effects, they will likely improve after a few months of using the pill. If they don’t improve, talk to your doctor. They may suggest that you switch to a different type of birth control pill.

A serious risk of using birth control pills, especially combination pills, is an increased risk of blood clots. This can lead to:

  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Pulmonary embolism

Dr. Srilatha Gorthi

About The Author

Laparoscopic Surgeon, Gynecologic Surgeon Dr. Srilatha Gorthi
Hyderabad

Dr. Srilatha Gorthi is an infertility specialist and laparoscopy surgeon located in Hyderabad. Her area of expertise lies in the field of Gynae diseases and conditions, and Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). She provides a number of services that comprise of In vitro Fertilization (IVF), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), ICSI, TESA, MESA, Gynae Hysteroscopy, Laparoscopy, treatment of Ovarian Cysts, Endometriosis, PCOS, Fibroids, Polyps and so on. Dr. Srilatha Gorthi practices at The Birthplace Hospital, Revive Multi Specialty Clinics and Fertility Centre, and The Birthplace Clinic and has a rich experience of more than 18 years. Dr. Gorthi has won 9 Gold Medals in MBBS.She is a reputed member of the Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI), European society of Gynaecological Endoscopy and British Medical Association, UK, and British Fertility Society. You can get her information at www.elawoman.com

7 Comments

user_img

Wahida Bhagwan

My sister faced a stroke at the age of 30, Is it a side effect of oral contraceptive pills?

Oct. 9, 2018, 10:37 a.m. 5.0

user_img

Ravina

I use extended cycle pills and have heavy cramps and bleeding during last week. Is it safe to have painkillers for my pain?? Please suggest!

May 11, 2018, 2:34 p.m. 4.5

user_img

Mandini Kapoor

I always forget taking my pills so, every day I have to take 2-3 pills. And I have a severe headache because of it.

Jan. 12, 2018, 12:30 p.m. 4.5

user_img

Preeti Thakur

My cycles became normal after 6 months of stopping birth control pills. Every woman is different. But I was lucky enough to conceive after 6 months.

Nov. 2, 2017, 4 p.m. 4.5

user_img

Kapil Kumar

Birth control pills are very effective birth control method. But it takes time to get back into your normal cycles once you stop taking these pills. You need to wait for at least 3- 4 months so that your hormones get balanced.

Nov. 2, 2017, 3:57 p.m. 5.0

user_img

Sangida Sekh

My decreased sex drive was troubling my husband so, I started using birth control patch. It's effective but I can't rely on them.

Oct. 10, 2017, 9:26 a.m. 4.5

user_img

Gurmeet Vij

I use oral contraceptive pills either for preponing or postponing my cycles sometimes. It's really suitable for women with latex allergy.

May 22, 2017, 11:22 a.m. 5.0

View all comments

Leave a Comment

Rating

Disclaimer

The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

Related Article view all

Family Planning
Best ways to use Birth Control Methods secretly

If you want to use birth control methods secretly from your partner then there are effective solutions as well. The best birth control methods include Depo-Provera Shot and IUD Ring. Oral contraceptive pills are also useful for individuals who want to hide themselves with using of the birth control methods.

Read More

Family Planning
Birth control pills - Types and Effectiveness of Oral contraceptive pills

Birth control pills are available in different types which includes Combination Pills (COC's) and Progestin - Only Pills. The effectiveness of the birth control pills depends on the time period when they are consumed. One needs to keep a check on the consumption of oral contraceptive pills to get the desired results.

Read More

Family Planning
Copper T IUD - How to use it for contraception in females?

Copper T IUD is a contraceptive method which is used effectively for females who are looking for Copper T IUD method. Emergency contraception is useful but one needs to know about Copper T IUD before using it for emergency contraception.

Read More

More From Author

Planning Baby
Emergency contraceptive pills - Types, How to use, Contraceptive pills in India

Emergency contraceptive pills - Types, How to use, Contraceptive pills in India

posted on 04 Feb 2017 4.7/ 5

Emergency contraceptive pills include I pill, Unwanted 72, Preventol, Tpill - 72, Nextime pill, and No-will pill. These contraceptive pills in India are highly effecti...

Read More

Family Planning
Best ways to use Birth Control Methods secretly

Best ways to use Birth Control Methods secretly

posted on 04 Feb 2017 4.7/ 5

If you want to use birth control methods secretly from your partner then there are effective solutions as well. The best birth control methods include Depo-Provera Sho...

Read More

Family Planning
Copper T IUD - How to use it for contraception in females?

Copper T IUD - How to use it for contraception in females?

posted on 04 Feb 2017 4.7/ 5

Copper T IUD is a contraceptive method which is used effectively for females who are looking for Copper T IUD method. Emergency contraception is useful but one needs t...

Read More

Trending Articles

surrogacy
surrogacy

5 Best Surrogacy Doctors in India

posted on 04 Feb 2017 4.5 / 5(1 Votes)

Find the list of best surrogacy doctors in India who offers the best treatment with the highest success rate. The list has been categorized on the basis of doctors fame, experience, reviews, ratings, and cost. Dr. Mohit Saraogi from Saraogi Hospitals and IRIS IVF Centre and Dr. Kaberi Banerjee from Advanced Fertility Centre top the list of the best surrogacy doctors in India.

Read More

IVF
ivf

Best IVF Doctors in India with Highest Success Rates

posted on 04 Feb 2017 4.7 / 5(3 Votes)

Find here the list of best IVF doctors in India on the basis of Ratings, Success Rate, Services offered, IVF cost packages and available Facilities. Dr. Nisha Bhatnagar, Dr. Kaberi Banerjee and Dr. Anjali A Deval top the list of such IVF doctors in India due to their unique pricing system, popularity and high success rate.

Read More

surrogacy
surrogacy

Top Surrogacy Centres in India with Highest Success Rates

posted on 04 Feb 2017 4.8 / 5(2 Votes)

In this article we bring you the best Surrogacy Centres and clinics in India with Review Ratings, Cost Estimates, and Surrogacy Success Rate to help you make the best choice. Aveya IVF and Surrogacy Centre and Advanced Fertility and Surrogacy Centre tops the list of such surrogacy centres in India due to their low treatment costs, popularity and high success rates.

Read More