family planning

Birth Control Method IUD - Effectiveness, Benefits and Side Effects

  • 4.8   (5 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 07 Dec 2017 - Written by Dr. Mehul V Sukhdiya - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

IUD is one of the most popular birth control methods which reduces chances of getting pregnant. IUD effectiveness is such that there is only 1% chances of getting pregnant. IUD benefits are reversible procedure, convenient to use, and reduces menstrual cramps. IUD side effects are irregular menstrual cycles, spotting, possible backache like cramps.

Birth control has always been one of the major concern for young couples. Birth control is a way of preventing any unwanted pregnancy. There are different methods available in the market that works well as well as easy to use. So, instead of getting worried, start figuring out which is the suitable method for you.

The birth control measures ranges from condoms to pills, implants to vasectomy, IUD to emergency contraception. You need to consult doctor before using any method.

One such method is IUD and is quite popular.

What is IUD method?

IUD is an abbreviation of 'intrauterine device' and the device is in 'T' shape. It is a small piece of flexible plastic shaped and placed inside the uterus. It stops the sperm from reaching and fertilizing eggs, thus prevents pregnancy.

IUD Effectiveness

The chance of getting pregnant is less than 1% if IUD is used properly. It implies that IUDs are effective as there is hardly any chance of mistake. And you don't have to do anything like taking pill or using condoms correctly.

Iud benefits

And it provides protection from unwanted pregnancy for 24/7 i.e. from 3 to 12 years depending upon the type you are using. So, once inserted you don't have to worry further.

Benefits of IUDs

If you are looking for long term protection then IUDs is the best solution. It is also known as 'set it and forget it' birth control measure.

1- Convenient to use

Once inserted you don't have to worry about it anymore. It works well until it expires or you have removed it yourself. Apart from this, it ensures you protection for next 3 to 12 years.

2- Once removed IUD, you can get pregnant

The other feature of this method is it is reversible. If you are looking forward for pregnancy then you can remove it. IUD doesn't affect the fertility or doesn't make it difficult to get pregnant in future. So, once removed you can get pregnant without any difficulty.

3- Makes periods better

This method reduces the cramps and makes the periods lighter. Hormonal IUDs help in treating the females suffering from heavy periods, anemia and severe cramps.

IUD Side effects

Some women have to face side effects once they have opted for IUD. Once your body gets used to device in uterus, it takes 3 to 6 months for side effects to vanish.

Iud side effects

Below is a list of possible side effects:

1- Irregular menstrual cycles

2- When IUD is inserted have mild to moderate pain

3- Spotting within periods

4- Heavy periods and menstrual pain

5- After insertion facing backaches or cramping

Pain killers are effective only in cramping. Consult doctor if you find bleeding or cramping beyond control.

IUDs doesn't guarantee you protection against STDs apart from being the best contraceptive against unwanted pregnancy.

Paragard IUD Benefits

For preventing pregnancy, Paragard is considered to be the best method as it lasts longer. It is a copper releasing device placed in the uterus. It protects against unwanted pregnancy for next 10 years. It is available only on consultation with doctor.


Hope in this article, you have got all the relevant details about the birth control measures and IUDs along with its advantages and disadvantages. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatments.

Dr. Mehul V Sukhdiya

Written by

Infertility Specialist, IVF Specialist

Dr. Mehul V Sukhdiya is an IVF specialist and endoscopic surgeon who is practicing in the field of gynecology and infertility for more than two decades. He holds medical degree namely MBBS and DGO. He provides treatment services like In vitro fertilization (IVF), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), sperm and egg donation, sperm and egg freezing, tuboplasty, testicular biopsy, myomectomy, surrogacy, IMSI, ICSI and TESA. Dr. Mehul is currently the director of Sumirans Womens Hospital and Radhe Endoscopy Training Centre and Research Institute, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad. You can find out further information regarding Dr. Mehul at


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Diwakar Rao

IUD is good to have but in 2-3% chances couples get pregnant. A couple can have miscarriage too if the IUD is not removed before pregnancy.

Oct. 13, 2018, 12:26 p.m. 5.0


Marisca Smith

IUDs are very effective. I got it for last 5 years and did not face any pregnancy risks and complications. It really worked well for me.

Sept. 29, 2018, 11:05 p.m. 4.5


Serwaa Asante

Copper T is also an IUD. The only side effect I see is heavy periods with IUD. But once you get it removed, cycle comes back to normal in 2-3 months.

Aug. 31, 2018, 9:42 a.m. 5.0


Deepika Jain

This article has included every single point which every couple needs to know regarding IUD to utilize it and prevent pregnancy. Thanks for sharing!

May 31, 2018, 4:18 p.m. 5.0


Vinayak Khajinrao Waghmare

Somehow IUI method scares me a lot, would never want to go for it ever.

March 16, 2018, 5:35 a.m. 4.5

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