family planning

Intrauterine Device - Effective Birth Control Method for Couples, How Copper T works?

  • 4.7   (7 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 20 Aug 2018 - Written by Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Intrauterine device is an effective birth control method for couples who want to avoid pregnancy. You need to know how copper T works to find out the functioning of IUD and receive required results. IUD insertion is a medical procedure which requires medical expert to perform it successfully to achieve the results.

IUD or Intrauterine devices are T-shaped plastic tool which is inserted in your uterus. IUD hangs down from the cervix to the vagina and you may feel like a string inside your vaginal cavity. Your doctor to take the IUD out of your uterus will later on, use this string.  It just takes few minutes to insert IUD and the doctor can perform the insertion in his office only. You hardly have to visit any hospital. Insertion of IUD or Intrauterine device is easier for the women who earlier had childbirth from normal delivery.

An IUD treatment can work for 3 to 12 years of insertion, mostly depends on your body’s response and the type of IUD you have chosen.

Types of IUD- Intra-Uterine Devices

There are two kinds of IUDs or Intrauterine Devices available till date.

1- Hormonal IUDs or Intrauterine Devices

These are progestin hormone carrying intrauterine devices or IUDs. These IUDs make the cervical mucus thick and prevents the flow of sperm into the vaginal cavity. Thickened mucus increases the acidic nature of vaginal cavity where sperm cannot survive and ultimately dies.

2- Copper IUDs or Intrauterine Devices

Copper IUDs are IUDs or intrauterine devices covered with bits of copper. Sperms resist from copper and cannot survive in its presence. Insertion of Copper IUDs can work up to 12 years, depending on your body’s response to it.

How IUDs Work?

IUDs or Intrauterine devices are one of the most commonly used birth control methods. They can work for number of years, in some cases up to 12 years and are highly effective. However, these IUDs have certain adverse effects.

IUD, IUD side effects

It can cause certain complications, which can obstruct pregnancy for a long time. You should know the IUD side effects before going for such treatment.

IUD Benefits

IUD or Intrauterine device comes with a lot of benefits such as-

  • IUDs can reduce heavy menstrual bleeding up to 90%.
  • IUDs are effective in reducing menstrual cramps.
  • IUDs can prevent various issues of endometrium such as endometrial hyperplasia or endometrial cancer.
  • IUDs are well known to reduce the risk of ectopic pregnancy.

IUD side effects

1- Increase Menstrual Bleeding

The IUDs or Intrauterine devices can cause a sudden increase in your menstrual bleeding. This is one of the most common IUD side effects. The heavy flow during menstrual cycle can lead to severe complications. You may have acute anemia and feel fatigue because of this excessive blood flow. It can also bring you irregular periods, which can obstruct ovulation. No ovulation means no eggs are released and so you may find it difficult to plan a baby.

2- Miscarriage

This is a rare case but if you get pregnant using an IUD, you need to remove your IUD immediately. IUD can cause miscarriage or premature birth. However, IUD cannot cause any birth defect in your child.

3- Forms Benign Ovarian Cysts

These IUD side effects are caused by hormonal IUDs or Intrauterine devices. As hormonal IUD thickens the cervical mucus, this forms benign or non cancerous ovarian cysts. These cysts block the path of sperm to flow inside the vaginal cavity. Though this prevents from pregnancy but you can end up having PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease), which hinders pregnancy.

4- Other Hormonal Side effects

Other IUD side effects are more hormone-related. You may have tender breasts, mood swings, headaches and acne. However, these hormonal IUD side effects go off with the onset of second month of the insertion of IUD.

5- Cramps and Bleeding

You may feel cramping and bleeding with the insertion of IUD. Though, it’s normal with IUD. But it can be an IUD side effect and you should consult your doctor immediately if you cannot bear the cramping or the bleeding is heavier than normal.
How IUDs work, IUD benefits

6- Infection

One of the IUD side effects is infection caused by copper IUD. Cervix and vaginal cavity are very sensitive parts and can easily catch infection. So if you are going for such treatment and you feel highly uncomfortable and itching like sensation, visit your doctor and get your IUD removed immediately.

Hope this article has been able to resolve all your queries on IUD. Follow Ela Woman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatments.

Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra

Written by

Obstetrician, Laparoscopic Surgeon

"Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra is a Laparoscopic Surgeon (Obstetrics and Gynecology) and Gynecologist based in Kolkata. He has nearly 3 decades of experience. He completed his MBBS from Nil Ratan Sircar College and Hospital, Kolkata in 1990. After that, he enrolled himself in Patna Medical College, Patna in 1993 to get a degree in MS in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. He went to Australia to do his Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery from Sydney University in 2005. With a book ""State of the Art of Laparoscopic Suturing"" under his name, he has been in a successful career of performing nearly 2000 Laparoscopic Procedures. He came back to India and became a member of the Indian Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (IAGE). He is very helpful to the patients having High-Risk Pregnancies and Abnormal Vaginal or Menstrual Bleeding. The patients seeking treatment for gynecological problems like Gyne Laparoscopy, Laparoscopic hysterectomy, IUI, and IVF can consult Dr. Mahapatra at Millenium Clinic, Teghoria and Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Barasat, Kolkata. You can get his contact details on"


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Vaivhavi Sharma

IUD is best for women who do not want to conceive. It is really effective and trustworthy.

Sept. 30, 2018, 1 a.m. 4.5


Wahida Charu

I was too scared to opt for IUD but this article helped me to have a decision. Thanks for sharing!

Aug. 31, 2018, 11:16 p.m. 5.0


Chavi Kumar

I have heavy cramps during my cycles and IUD worsens it. But results are positive as we don't use any contraceptive measures and no pregnancy from 2 years.

Aug. 20, 2018, 1:14 p.m. 4.5


Radhika Garg

My sister got pregnant with an IUD inside her. In this case, she had to choose abortion as the child might get an infection inside a womb. You can also try IUD removal, but the success rate is very low.

Jan. 24, 2018, 2:10 p.m. 4.5


Borkar Wasudeo

Five types of IUDs are available in the United States. Four of them are Liletta, Kyleena, Mirena and Skyla. They release small amounts of the hormone progestin (levonorgestrel) into your body. It's the same hormone used in many birth control pills.

Oct. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m. 4.5


Cherish Cogswell

It's very simple to get your IUD out. I think your specialist will initially embed a speculum, which is an instrument used to enlarge your vagina keeping in mind the end goal to see your cervix better. Since the IUD can plainly be seen, your specialist will embed ring forceps to get a handle on t...

Oct. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m. 5.0


Samantha Pravhu

Do we have any other type of IUD to avoid infection? Are hormonal IUDs infection free??

Sept. 23, 2017, 1:05 p.m. 5.0

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