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Intrauterine device is an effective birth control method for couples who want to avoid pregnancy. You need to know how copper T works to find out the functioning of IUD and receive required results. IUD insertion is a medical procedure which requires medical expert to perform it successfully to achieve the results.
IUD or Intrauterine devices are T-shaped plastic tool which is inserted in your uterus. IUD hangs down from the cervix to the vagina and you may feel like a string inside your vaginal cavity. Your doctor to take the IUD out of your uterus will, later on, use this string. It just takes a few minutes to insert IUD and the doctor can perform the insertion in his office only. You hardly have to visit any hospital. Insertion of an IUD or Intrauterine device is easier for the women who earlier had childbirth from normal delivery. (1) (2)
An IUD treatment can work for 3 to 12 years of insertion, mostly depends on your body’s response and the type of IUD you have chosen.
Types of IUD- Intra-Uterine Devices
There are two kinds of IUDs or Intrauterine Devices available till date. (3)
1- Hormonal IUDs or Intrauterine Devices
These are progestin hormone carrying intrauterine devices or IUDs. These IUDs make the cervical mucus thick and prevent the flow of sperm into the vaginal cavity. Thickened mucus increases the acidic nature of the vaginal cavity where sperm cannot survive and ultimately dies. (4)
2- Copper IUDs or Intrauterine Devices
Copper IUDs are IUDs or intrauterine devices covered with bits of copper. Sperms resist from copper and cannot survive in its presence. Insertion of Copper IUDs can work up to 12 years, depending on your body’s response to it. (5)
How IUDs Work?
IUDs or Intrauterine devices are one of the most commonly used birth control methods. They can work for a number of years, in some cases up to 12 years and are highly effective. However, these IUDs have certain adverse effects. (6)
It can cause certain complications, which can obstruct pregnancy for a long time. You should know the IUD side effects before going for such treatment.
IUD or Intrauterine device comes with a lot of benefits such as-
- IUDs can reduce heavy menstrual bleeding up to 90%.
- IUDs are effective in reducing menstrual cramps.
- IUDs can prevent various issues of endometrium such as endometrial hyperplasia or endometrial cancer.
- IUDs are well known to reduce the risk of ectopic pregnancy. (7)
IUD side effects
1- Increase Menstrual Bleeding
The IUDs or Intrauterine devices can cause a sudden increase in your menstrual bleeding. This is one of the most common IUD side effects. The heavy flow during the menstrual cycle can lead to severe complications. You may have acute anemia and feel fatigued because of this excessive blood flow. It can also bring you irregular periods, which can obstruct ovulation. No ovulation means no eggs are released and so you may find it difficult to plan a baby. (8)
This is a rare case but if you get pregnant using an IUD, you need to remove your IUD immediately. IUD can cause miscarriage or premature birth. However, IUD cannot cause any birth defect in your child. (9)
3- Forms Benign Ovarian Cysts
These IUD side effects are caused by hormonal IUDs or Intrauterine devices. As hormonal IUD thickens the cervical mucus, this forms benign or noncancerous ovarian cysts. These cysts block the path of sperm to flow inside the vaginal cavity. Though this prevents pregnancy you can end up having PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease), which hinders pregnancy.
4- Other Hormonal Side effects
Other IUD side effects are more hormone-related. You may have tender breasts, mood swings, headaches, and acne. However, these hormonal IUD side effects go off with the onset of the second month of the insertion of IUD.
5- Cramps and Bleeding
You may feel cramping and bleeding with the insertion of IUD. Though, it’s normal with IUD. But it can be an IUD side effect and you should consult your doctor immediately if you cannot bear the cramping or the bleeding is heavier than normal. (10)
One of the IUD side effects is an infection caused by copper IUD. Cervix and vaginal cavity are very sensitive parts and can easily catch the infection. So if you are going for such treatment and you feel highly uncomfortable and itching like sensation, visit your doctor and get your IUD removed immediately.
Hope this article has been able to resolve all your queries on IUD. Follow Ela Woman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatments.
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:
- ^ Intrauterine device (IUD) - NHS Nhs.uk, 02 July 2019
- ^ Intrauterine Device - Wikipedia En.wikipedia.org, 02 July 2019
- ^ Intra Uterine Device (IUD) - Family Planning Familyplanning.org.nz, 02 July 2019
- ^ Hormonal IUDs - Planned Parenthood Plannedparenthood.org, 02 July 2019
- ^ Copper IUDs - Wikipedia En.wikipedia.org, 02 July 2019
- ^ What is an IUD and how does an IUD work? | Modern Fertility Modernfertility.com, 02 July 2019
- ^ What Are the Benefits & Advantages of the IUD? | Planned Parenthood Plannedparenthood.org, 02 July 2019
- ^ What Are the Side Effects & Complications of the IUD? | Planned Parenthood Plannedparenthood.org, 02 July 2019
- ^ What Is a Miscarriage ? | Identifying the Causes - Planned Parenthood Plannedparenthood.org, 02 July 2019
- ^ How does spotting and cramping occur if you are pregnant? - WebMD Webmd.com, 02 July 2019
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