family planning

Birth Control Pills - Most Effective Prevent Pregnancy Method for Women

  • 4.6 (8 Votes)

At times, couples need to take immediate steps to prevent pregnancy after intercourse. Birth control pills are the contraceptive pills which are effective in preventing pregnancy. Birth control pills side effects need to be considered before consuming them to prevent pregnancy.

A Birth Control Pill is a kind of medicine having hormones, which are taken most commonly on regular basis to prevent pregnancy. These control pills are highly effective and are widespread birth control methods. Those who want to avoid pregnancy and do not want to go for any other external medical intervention; the birth pill is quite functional option for them.

How Birth Control Pills work?

The chemicals of a Birth Control pill stops ovulation from occurring. One can get pregnant only when the egg comes in contact with the sperm. When ovulation is ceased, it means that there are no eggs lying inside the ovaries to meet the sperm. Further, the birth control pill thickens the cervical mucus, too. This increases the acidic nature of the vaginal cavity and sperm cannot flow inside or may die also.

Birth control pills, Birth control pill

This stops the sperm-egg collaboration and hence, no fertilization takes place. This is how birth control pills help in avoiding pregnancy.

How To Take Birth Control Pills?

Birth Control Pills are highly effective.  However, many women even get pregnant even after using the pill because they do not follow the scheduled dose. Birth Control Pills should be used regularly until the woman is physically as well as mentally ready to conceive. For this, a reminder or an alarm can be set. The male partner can take the charge that the birth control pills and see if his partner is taking the pill regularly.  It will even build up a strong bond of love and care. The birth control pills must be kept nearby to the daily essentials, so that they are not missed out. Some of the women may have light spotting while using the birth pills and it will go off once they are being used regularly for 2 - 3 months.

How To Prevent Pregnancy With Birth Control Pills

The control pills are highly effective in preventing pregnancy, undoubtedly. But on the other side, they do not protect from Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). This is so because these are hormone-carrying tablets and cannot prevent the onset of bacteria. Condoms are the best birth control methods, which prevents from STDs. So, one should not be disguised by the myth that birth control pills prevent from STDs.

Best time to take control pills

The birth control pills have effectiveness up to 99% if it is used properly.  For best results, they should be used with a condom for the first 7 days, while having intercourse. The birth control pills can be taken 5 days after the periods. This will decrease the chance of getting pregnant that very moment. If they are taken on some other days, the effect will start after 7 days of taking the birth pill.

How birth control pills work, How to take birth control pills

In emergency, the birth control pills should be taken within 48 hours of having an unprotected sexual intercourse.  

Risks & Side-effects of Birth Control Pills

  • One should not take these birth control pills if suffering from blood cancer, blood clots, migraine, high blood pressure, diabetes and liver disease.
  • Those who are above 35 years old should not administer it. Also should be avoided by those who smoke regularly. They can only take mini birth pills.
  • Breastfeeding mothers must use it after 3 weeks of giving birth, Or else, it can adversely affect the quality of breast milk and the growth of newly born baby.
  • Birth control pills should be stopped if any of these symptoms are found using them- Sudden back, jaw pain with nausea, vomiting or trouble breathing, chest pain, severe stomach ache or headache, acute sickness, trouble vision (flashing or zigzag), Yellowish skin or eyes.  

Birth Control pill or Control pills are highly effective birth control methods to prevent pregnancy. They must be taken on regular basis for best results.

Hope this article has been able to resolve your queries on how to take birth control pills to prevent pregnancy. Follow Ela Woman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatment.

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Types of Birth Control methods and Its Effectiveness

Dr. Surveen Ghumman

About The Author

Infertility Specialist, Obstetrician Dr. Surveen Ghumman

Dr. Surveen Ghumman is an infertility specialist and gynecologist specializing in IVF, Reproductive Endocrinology, Recurrent failures of implantation, Embryology, Fertility preservation and Surrogacy. Dr. Surveen has completed MBBS from Christian Medical College, Ludhiana in 1986 and MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology from Government Medical College, Amritsar in 1991. She has also pursued certificate courses in ART and Clinical Embryology from Manipal University and fellowships in Minimal Access Surgeries. She has also pursued Micromanipulation in ART in the year 2011. Dr. Surveen is practicing at The Fertility Clinic IVF Solutions and Max Super Specialty Hospital. For more information, visit



Chandini Bhagat

My child is of 4 months now and I breastfeed him. Should I start having birth control pills or not??

Oct. 1, 2018, 7:38 p.m. 5.0


Kalpana Chawla

It is advised not to have these medicine after the age of 35 but a woman can get pregnant until 40. What is the best way to avoid pregnancy for women of age 35 to 40?

Aug. 11, 2018, 6:34 p.m. 4.5


Vandana Bohra

This is completely what I was looking for. I am about to start having this pills and was looking for the best way to use it. Thanks for sharing!

May 18, 2018, 2:30 p.m. 4.5



Can I still be able to take pills even my days now since I had a period?

Feb. 9, 2018, 7:16 p.m. 4.5


Jayanti Poras

I have gained 5 kg of weight in past 3 months since I have started these pills. Is it also one of the side effects of having birth control pills?

Dec. 13, 2017, 1:26 p.m. 4.5


Sanjoli Jain

To all the one who are taking birth control pills, please remember that it can take some time to get back into your regular menstruation once you stop your pills and plan your pregnancy. Do not get scared, you will get your periods for sure once the hormones are balanced.

Oct. 31, 2017, 12:31 p.m. 4.5


Surbhi Jaiswal

I was told by my doctor to take my pills daily. I asked him about the best time to take birth control pills, as everyone says to take them every day at the same time. He confirmed that you should take the medicine at the same time everyday so that you don't miss your dose.

Oct. 31, 2017, 12:23 p.m. 4.5


Saras Jaydev

I always take my pills after having my dinner. If someday skipped, I better take 2 pills the other night. It's easy and I don't even have any side effects.

Sept. 22, 2017, 3:24 p.m. 5.0

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