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    pink loader
    family planning

    Top 10 Family Planning Methods which Couples can opt to plan their babies

    • 4.7   (7 Votes)
    Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 03 Aug 2018 - Written by Dr. Rizwana Tasneem - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

    The top family planning methods which help to avoid unwanted pregnancy include condoms, birth control pills, female awareness methods, spermicide, diaphragm, vasectomy and sterilization, intrauterine device, birth control sponge and implants, vaginal rings. Most of these birth control methods have appreciating success rate.

    An awareness about Family Planning methods or Birth Control methods must reach all those couples who want to prevent pregnancy. There are several contraceptive methods that can help in birth control. This article answers the question- how to control pregnancy?

    1. Condoms

    Family planning methods, Birth control methods

    Condoms are thin, stretchable sacks that cover the penis from upper side. They are mostly made of animal skin membranes. Synthetic and plastic made condoms are also available. A male condom collects the sperm (semen) and stops it from meeting with the egg and thus prevent pregnancy .  It is the most widely used birth control method. It protects from STDs also. Most of STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) are caused by interaction of semen with vaginal fluids. As condom does not allow this interaction, hence it protects from such infections too.

    2. Female Condom

    A Female Condom is one more contraceptive method which can be used to prevent pregnancy. It is similar to a regular male condom. A female condom is a stretchy pouch which is inserted inside the vagina. During sexual intercourse, the sperm(semen) is collected inside the pouch, preventing it from reaching the egg. It is one of the easiest Family Planning methods. It also reduces the threat of catching STDs.

    3. Withdrawal or Pull Out method

    It is one of the most common birth control method to prevent pregnancy. It is a process of withdrawing penis from vaginal cavity just before the semen discharges. It prevent the semen from reaching the egg. Using a condom with withdrawal  can be a very effective family planning method. It can be an answer for how to control pregnancy but it does not reduces the risk of STDs(Sexually Transmitted Diseases).

    4. Birth Control Pills

    Birth Control Pills are often used by female partners for family planning. It is one of the  most common contraceptive method for birth control. Anyone who doesn’t  know how to control pregnancy can take these pills on regular basis. These birth control pills are medicines with hormones that stops ovulation and thickens cervical mucus. If there will be no ovulation, no woman can get pregnant. Moreover, this thick mucus acts like a barrier to sperm and prevents it from meeting the egg. This prevents pregnancy and it can easily be used for birth control.

    Birth Control Pills

    5. Outercourse and Abstinence

    Being abstinent towards sexual intercourse(penetration of penis into vagina) is a highly effective family planning method. Other activities of sexual intercourse like anal or oral sex comes under outercourse and they do not lead to pregnancy. Abstinence as a birth control method refers to refraining one’s own self from vaginal sex (ejaculation of sperm into vagina). This prevents the semen to reach the egg and then no fertilization can take place. This method variates from people to people. Some people tend to be abstinent only during the fertile days(ovulation) of their partner to avoid fertilization. Some people take it as having no sexual intimation at all. Some people choose to have anal or oral intercourse but not the vaginal one. This can also be considered as a part of contraceptive method.

    6. Female Awareness Methods (FAMs)

    As per a study, 24 out of 100 couples attained pregnancy using Female Awareness Methods. This is a low rate and it can be taken as family planning method to prevent pregnancy. Female Awareness Methods(FAMs) mainly emphasize on checking ovulation.

    It can be done by-

    • Regular temperature check
    • Checking vaginal discharge
    • Using an ovulation calculator or period calendar

    This method implicates avoiding vaginal sex during the most fertile days or ovulation. FAMs are highly productive birth control methods  if it is applied using all three techniques mentioned above.

    7. Spermicide and Diaphragm

    • Spermicide is also an effective contraceptive method. Spermicide is a method of penetrating a chemical deep into the vaginal cavity to stop sperm to easily flow and get to an egg. This elevates birth control. It is an effective solution for how to control pregnancy.
    • On the other hand, A shallow cup, saucer like structure made of soft silicone called Diaphragm can be placed inside the vagina. It covers the cervix part and prevents semen to meet the egg. This family planning method works effectively if combined with spermicide. Diaphragm keeps the spermicide in place and thus prevents pregnancy.

    8. Vasectomy and Sterilization

    These are some surgical treatments to be taken as birth control methods. If the natural contraceptive methods had been considered earlier and still the question how to control pregnancy is raging, then these surgical treatments are 99% effective for birth control.

    • Vasectomy is a surgical treatment for male partners. The small tube carrying sperm called scrotum is blocked by a minor surgery. The sperm cannot get out of the body and thus it prevents pregnancy. It is an irreversible process and only be considered when the male partner is 100% sure of birth control at present and in future scenario.
    • Sterilization, on the counter part, is a surgical treatment for female partners. It is as effective family planning method as Vasectomy. During ovulation, the mature eggs reaches fallopian tube and wait for the sperm to meet and get fertilized. With a small surgery, the fallopian tube is permanently blocked which obstructs the path of sperm to reach an egg. This is also a permanent birth control methods and prevents  pregnancy even for future case, too.  

    9. IUD ( Intrauterine Device)

    Most of the couple face difficulties when it comes to family planning. In such cases, IUD is 99% effective birth control method. It’s a flexible, T-shaped plastic device placed inside the uterus which deviates the path of sperm. This way sperm can’t reach any egg and it prevents pregnancy.  

    There are two kind of IUD

    • ParaGard IUD or Copper IUD- Pregnancy takes place when sperm reaches egg. This device is wrapped in a thin plating of copper which prevents sperm to get to an egg. This method can prevent pregnancy for up to 12 years and its a highly recommended family planning method.
    • Hormonal IUD(Mirena, Kyleena, Skyla and Liletta)- These IUDs carry a hormone called progestin. This hormone thickens the cervical mucus due to which even if the sperm enters into the vaginal cavity it can’t survive. It will die before reaching an egg and hence no pregnancy can take place.

    The IUDs are temporary treatments and convenient emergency birth control methods. It can work within 120 hours (5 days) even after having an unprotected sex.


    10. Birth Control Sponge, Vaginal Ring, Implant, Patch and Shot

    If  the female partner wants to know how to control pregnancy and does not want to share it with the male partner, these birth control methods are proven helpful.

    • Sponge- A small, soft sponge made of squeezable plastic is inserted into the vagina. It protects the cervix and blocks the path of sperm to reach an egg.
    • Vaginal Ring- It a ring like structure carrying hormone that one can wear inside the vagina. It thickens the cervical mucus and leads to prevent pregnancy. This is a removable ring and is widely used as a contraceptive method for birth control.
    • Implant- This is a  birth control methods where a thin,tiny rod like structure is implanted in the upper arms of the female partner. This rod carries progestin which thickens the cervical mucus. Sperm can’t survive in such acidic nature and hence can’t reach an egg. This even stops the eggs from leaving the ovaries and thus prevents pregnancy. Similarly, Birth control patch and birth control shot thickens the mucus and prevents the sperm to reach egg, resulting in no pregnancy.

    Following these family planning methods can help a large number of couples to prevent pregnancy. Unwanted pregnancy may lead to stress and anxiety. Its better to adopt birth control methods and control pregnancy before it gets too late.

    Recommended Reads

    Benefits and Uses Tips of Female Condoms

    Advantage And Disadvantage of Female Condom

    Ten Condom Mistakes You could be Making

    How To Use IUD As An Emergency Contraception

    How Effective Is Vaginal Ring As A Birth Control

    Dr. Rizwana Tasneem

    Written by

    Hysteroscopic Surgeon, Gynecologist

    Dr. Rizwana Tasneem is one of the most reliable Gynecologist, Obstetrician and Infertility Specialist in Bangalore. Her areas of expertise include Infertility Assessment, Hysteroscopy & Laparoscopy Surgery, In Vitro Fertilization(IVF), Intrauterine Insemination(IUI), Polycystic Ovarian Disorder (PCOD) treatment, Adolescent Gynaecology, High-Risk Pregnancy Care, and Gynecology Problems Care and Treatment.
    She studied in elite institutions and attained her doctor’s degrees with top ranking results. She completed her MBBS from MR Medical College, Gulbarga in 1985 and further earned her MD degree from the same institution in 1989.
    After her masters, she gained invaluable experience at the King Fahad Hospital, Al-Baha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and later at the renowned St. George Hospital in the United Kingdom. She is a highly qualified infertility specialist and a member of the Indian Medical Association (IMA) and
    Bangalore Society of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. She has received many awards and recognition from reputed institutions from India and abroad. She is also registered under 24520 of Karnataka Medical Council, 1985.
    Her practice in infertility is acknowledged by the masses and has gained notoriety in the industry. To gain hands-on experienced, she worked as an Obstetrician & Gynaecologist at Bangalore Assisted Conception Center (BACC) from 1998 to 2002. She is currently practicing as an Infertility specialist and Sonologist at City Clinic & Infertility Center.
    City Clinic And Infertility Centre is a Multi-Speciality and Fertility clinic established in the year 2004 in Frazer Town, Bangalore. It aims to deliver the best and latest treatment and this is why many of the patients in Bangalore prefer to visit the clinic for infertility treatments. With over a decade of experience, City Clinic And Infertility Centre offer unmatched treatment to its patients. The dream of childless couples of having a baby is made possible at this clinic as they follow all medical standards and ethics. This fertility centre offers services like High-Risk Pregnancy Management, Laparoscopy Surgery, Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Obstetrics and Gynecology, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Ultrasound. The hospital provides the best surrogacy and fertility services at affordable costs. Dr. Rizwana Tasneem visits City Clinic And Infertility Centre regularly. The hospital is open Monday to Saturday from 9:30 AM to 8:00 PM.





    Radhika Vij

    I opt implant to avoid unwanted pregnancy and I must say it's reliable and easy going method.

    Sept. 30, 2018, 9:39 p.m. 5.0


    Vivek Sharma

    My wife was using contraceptive pills from last 2 years but she got pregnant this month. Is there any reliable family planning method?

    Sept. 12, 2018, 7:33 p.m. 4.5


    Keshav Jha

    Every couple should have family planning awareness. With these availabilities, every couple should choose best for them, in terms of cost, allergy, and availability. Must read article. Thanks for sharing!

    Aug. 9, 2018, 5:04 p.m. 5.0



    It's the best article I read today. It contains everything that I was looking for. One question though, I made my mind to have i-pills to avoid unwanted pregnancy as I am scared of surgeries. Please suggest best pills, which are reliable and economical.

    May 3, 2018, 4:16 p.m. 5.0


    Aditi Singh

    With so many birth control methods handy, family planning is no more a problem.

    Oct. 7, 2017, 6:09 p.m. 4.5


    Ericka Grigsby

    I must inform this. If you're using copper IUD and if it says like it works for 3 years of 5 years or so on, then remove it when it expires because it contains copper coating and when it expires, it's very risky to let it be inside. It can cause severe infections and can even cause cancer if kept...

    Oct. 7, 2017, 5:48 p.m. 4.5


    Elenor Rigby

    For me, IUD is the best. You can insert or remove this contraceptive whenever you want. Highly successful and reliable. The process is pocket-friendly and doesn't require any regular intake of medicine.

    Sept. 17, 2017, 6:08 p.m. 4.5

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