family planning

Must know Facts about Birth Control Implants - Nexplanon and Implanon

  • 4.8   (7 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 02 Aug 2018 - Written by Dr. Anupama Rao - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Nexplanon and Implanon are the birth control implants which are popular birth control methods to avoid pregnancy. Benefits of birth control implants are high effectiveness, reversible, and easy to carry. Birth control implants side effects are vaginal infection, change in weight, appetite, and menstrual cycle.

What is a Birth Control Implant?

Birth Control Implant is a very small birth control device which is inserted under the skin of the upper arm of a woman to control or regulate unwanted pregnancy. They are simultaneously famous as Nexplanon and Implanon although they are two of the leading brands of birth control implants. The shelf life of these implants are normally 4 years in maximum and they prove to be one of the hassle free ways to control pregnancy.

How does Birth Control Implant work?

Birth Control Implant releases an anti-pregnancy hormone named progestin and prevent fertilization. After it is implanted by a medical practioner, the effect of this device can be seen. The hormones released by birth control implant works in various ways

  • Controls ovulation : Progestin hormones create a barrier for the eggs to leave ovaries and thus ovulation does not occur and so pregnancy
  • Thickens cervical mucous : With the effect of progestin hormones, the cervical mucous get thicker and thicker in consistency which accordingly prevent sperm to enter into the fallopian tube. An unfertilized egg cannot lead to pregnancy and thus birth control implants help preventing pregnancy.
  • Changes endometrium : The hormones in Nexplanon and Implanon prevents uterus lining or endometrium from getting thick. Normally during ovulation, the uterus lining thickens itself to help the embryo attach properly. Without a proper uterus lining due to these birth control implants, pregnancy does not occur.

Birth, Implant

Benefits of Birth Control Implants

  • Highly effective : With birth control implants your chance of pregnancy becomes very low. Research on Nexplanon shows that is 99% safe and assured.
  • Convenient to carry : Once the birth control implant is in, it is very comfortable to carry around until it is removed. You do not need to worry about unsafe sex and run to pharmacy with Nexplanon or Implanon implanted in you
  • Contains only one hormone : Birth control implants have only one hormone- progestin which does not affect your health much. Other birth control methods have progestin along with estrogen. Many women face problems with estrogen as they have weird side effects on body sometimes.
  • Reversible : Birth control implants are reversible. That means once you remove Nexplanon or Implanon, you do not need to wait for a long time to balance your body and get pregnant. You can try to conceive just after its removal.

Risks and Side effects of Birth Control Implants

  • Birth Control Implants do not protect against HIV-AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases
  • Changes in menstrual cycle, and menstrual flow.
  • Can cause muscle pains such as abdominal cramps, back ache etc.
  • Numbness in breasts
  • Appetite loss/growth
  • Depression
  • Vaginal infection
  • Liver disease
  • Weight loss/gain
  • Decrease in fluid retention

Birth control methods, Birth control

Nexplanon vs. Implanon- the best one

Although Implanon is the advanced version of Nexplanon, their manufacturer is replacing Implanon with Nexplanon as Nexplanon is considered safer than Implanon. Nexplanon comes with an x ray technique which allows the doctor to find the device during removal, which is not there in Implanon.

How to remove a Birth Control Implant?

Birth control implants can’t be or should not be removed at home without a proper medical attention. The removal procedure is similar like insertion. The doctor gives you a shot to numb the area and make minor cut in the inserted place to remove the implant. It is safe and easy.

Things to know before using Nexplanon and Implanon

Avoid using Nexplanon and Implanon if you experience-

  • If you are already pregnant or have chances of pregnancy.
  • When you have issues with blood circulation and blood clots.
  • If you have liver or any other bowel syndrome.
  • If you had breast cancer.

Hope we are able to solve your queries in regard to birth control implants. Follow Ela woman for regular updates on fertility health and treatments.

Recommended Reads

IUD Meaning and Benefits

Types of IUD and Its Advantages & Disadvantages

Types of Birth Control methods and Its Effectiveness

Best and Most Useful Birth Control Tips for Teenager

Dr. Anupama Rao

Written by

Obstetrician, Gynecologic Surgeon

Dr. Anupama Rao is a consultant Obstetrician, Gynaecologist and Infertility specialist with over 2 decades of experience. She is highly experienced in treating infertility cases. The doctor is currently pursuing her expertise at Dr L H Hiranandani Hospital located in Mumbai and Fortis Hospitals located in Mulund west, Mumbai. She holds expertise in Hysterectomy (Abdominal/Vaginal), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Normal Vaginal Delivery (NVD) etc. She got comprehensive training in IVF from the highly experienced IVF experts. Dr. Anupama has also been an Associate Medical Director of Hope infertility clinic in Bangalore. For more information and contact details visit


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Rahil Azam

My wife is really scared to have this implant and its side effects. I will share this to her so, she can make up her mind.

Oct. 12, 2018, 4:06 p.m. 5.0


Yogesh Shridhar

I was looking for some more information like cost and the best place to execute this. But a good article indeed!

Aug. 11, 2018, 7:03 p.m. 4.5


Juhi Parmar

I always used to get confused between Implant and Nexplanon, Now I am totally clear about it. Thanks for sharing knowledge!

March 12, 2018, 6 p.m. 5.0


Narayan Nagpal

I am looking for an implant for my wife, Please suggest with the best place.

Dec. 17, 2017, 9:57 p.m. 5.0


Suganya Banerjee

Both the birth control implants like Nexplanon and Implanon are useful for the individuals who want to prevent occurrence of pregnancy. My doctor recommended me to opt for this birth control solution. After reading this article, I am more convinced to opt for the birth control implant.

Oct. 7, 2017, 4:41 p.m. 5.0


Rakshit Patel

As far as nexplanon is concerned, it has been seen and researched that it can cause weight gain for about a quarter of users. It can even get you acne and depressed mood if the hormones does not work well with your body's functioning. Be careful while choosing any of the birth control methods.

Oct. 7, 2017, 3:33 p.m. 4.5


Sandeepa Rajput

I had implant around 1 year ago and I must say it's working. I don't have any side-effects like depression, Vaginal infection, liver disease, weight gain or any other.

Aug. 20, 2017, 5:55 p.m. 4.5

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