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    family planning

    5 Best Oral Contraceptive Pills in India - Types, Advantages, Side Effects

    • 4.9   (10 Votes)

    Best Oral Contraceptive Pills in India include Saheli, Unwanted 21 days, Yasmin, Centron, and Bandhan. Oral contraceptive pills advantages include safe and convenient, hormonal balance, and cures irregular periods. Side effects of birth control pills includes spotting, nausea, weight gain, sore breasts, and severe headaches.

    In this huge Indian market, you can find several birth control methods to avoid pregnancy. Birth control methods such as condoms, implants, birth control shots, intrauterine devices, and contraceptive pills are widely used, but choosing the right method is much important. Based on research it has been found that the most effective one for women has always been an oral contraceptive pill as these pills are much safer and easier to take. (1)

    Let’s Discuss in More Detail About Oral Contraceptive Pills in India:-

    What are Oral Contraceptive Pills?

    Oral Contraceptive pills, commonly known as birth control pills are types of medications to prevent unwanted pregnancy. These pills contain synthetically structured hormones, which prevent fertilization of the egg by inhibiting ovulation. The hormones in these contraceptive pills disrupt the natural hormones in the body and prevent the release of the egg, thus preventing pregnancy. (2)

    How do Oral Contraceptive Pills work?

    A woman is pregnant when the egg is released from the ovary to be fertilized by the sperm. During the fertilization process follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) is released which encourages the maturation of the egg. These birth control pills contain estrogen and progesterone or sometimes both, which prevent the excretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). The contraceptive pill works on three stages: (3)

    • Firstly, it interferes with the ovulation cycle and releasing
    • Next, the hormones disturb the lining of the uterus and prevent it from attaching to the uterus. 
    • Lastly, it stops producing cervical mucus, preventing the sperm from reaching the egg. 

    Types of Oral Contraceptive Pills

    Oral contraceptive pills are categorized into three categories according to the type of hormones released.

    • Monophasic pills have equal amounts of estrogen and progesterone and are normally taken through the entire cycle. 
    • Biphasic pills contain a balanced amount of estrogen and progesterone but the level of progesterone increases after 21 days. 
    • Triphasic pills release 3 different amounts of hormones, estrogen, and progesterone or only progesterone. The dosage of hormones gradually changes in every 7 days to improve effectiveness. (4)

    Advantages of taking Oral Contraceptive Pills

    Apart from avoiding pregnancy, these oral contraceptive pills have other benefits as well.

    • Hormonal Balance- Oral contraceptive pills are one of the best methods of birth control. This method provides the best hormonal balance to prevent unwanted pregnancy.
    • Safe and Convenient-These pills are available in almost all of the medical stores in India and can be easily consumed. They also clean the reproductive system and prevent any infection. Moreover, you can get pregnant anytime after a few days of stopping the intake. (5)
    • Health Benefits-These contraceptive pills also help in some health problems. They are known to prevent acne, cyst, endometrial and bone thinning. Oral pills also prevent pre-menstrual syndromes and infections in fallopian tubes and ovarian cancer in some cases. 
    • Cures Irregular periods- Oral Contraceptive Pills help to maintain a consistent menstrual cycle by balancing the hormone levels. 

    Side effects of Oral Contraceptive Pills

    Most of the time oral contraceptive pills are completely safe to use, however, there are certain times when these pills start to show some side effects.

    • Spotting or light periods- You may also observe light period and spotting, which is normal when taking contraceptive pills.
    • Nausea- Some women feel a bit of nausea after taking the pill. In this case, the doctor may prescribe you pills that are low in estrogen.
    • Weight Gain- You may also start to gain weight within a few weeks of dosage. (6)
    • Sore Breasts- During the initial days of taking these pills, you may start to have swollen and sore breasts.
    • Serious side effects- Severe headaches, abdominal pain, and blurred vision are the extreme side effects of oral contraceptive pills. If you are experiencing any of the above side effects, you should visit the doctor immediately.

    The market is filled with dozens of oral contraceptive brands but below we have suggested the best ones. Choosing the right brand is also important to get effective results.

    Below are the five best oral contraceptive pills in India-

    1. Saheli

    Manufactured by HLL Lifecare Limited, these oral contraceptive pills are non-steroidal and do not have any negative effects. It contains 30 mg of ormeloxifene and is said to be free from steroids and hormones. These pills are recommended once a week for effective results. This birth control pill also has a presence of Centchroman, which stabilizes side effects such as vomiting, nausea and weight gain. (7)

    • Dosage: Saheli can be taken 2 times a week for the first 3 months. 
    • Price: Rs. 250 for a pack of 80 pills

    Oral Contraceptive pills

    2. Unwanted 21 Days

    Unwanted 21 Da is a product of Mankind Pharma, which is formulated with Levonorgestrel and Ethinyloestradiol hormones. It is completely safe and can also treat PCOS, hormone disturbances, and pimples. (8)

    • Dosage: The pills should be taken once a day from the 1st day of the menstrual cycle until the 21st day. 2 tablets can be taken together in case you missed the previous day. 
    • Price: Rs. 60 for 21 pills/pack

    Unwanted pregnancy

    3. Yasmin

    This oral contraceptive pill contains Drospirenone and Ethinyl Estradiol. It helps to balance the estrogen levels and prevents the release of the egg from the ovary. Ovarian cysts and periods uneven cycles are also treated with these pills. (9)

    Contraceptive Pills

    4. Centron

    Manufactured and marketed by Torrent Pharma LTD., Centron is a selective combination of estrogen receptors that help to avoid pregnancy. It is a non-hormonal, non-steroidal Contraceptive pill with minimum or no side effects. Ormeloxifene being an active ingredient, the pill is also claimed to treat uterine bleeding dysfunction.

    • Dosage: Take 1 a week. Consult a medical professional before taking. 
    • Price: Rs. 40 for a pack of 10 tablets

    centron contraceptive pill

    5. Bandhan

    This contraceptive pill is the most effective. Levonorgestrel and Ethinyl Estradiol are the active ingredients present in the pill. Estrogen and progestin hormones are also present to restore the hormone levels and prevent the inhibition of egg to the uterus. It is a product of German Remedies Limited and contains .15 MG of Levonorgestrel and .03 MG of Ethinyl Estradiol. (10)

    • Dosage: You should consult a gynecologist before taking the pill as women suffering from diabetes; migraine, non-diagnosed vaginal bleeding hypertension and mental illness should not take it.
    • Price: Rs. 21 for a pack of 10 tablets

    The five oral contraceptive pills listed above are all available in most of the medical pharmacies in India. The hardest part is choosing the right pill as some may cause serious side effects. You should always consult a doctor before taking any of these pills.





    Prachi Tomar

    I want to be pregnant now and but I still have my contraceptive pills. Is there any specific way to leave pills or I just abandon them?

    Oct. 13, 2018, 11:47 a.m. 5.0


    Shanese Murphy

    I am using Yasmin for the past 2 years and it works wonderfully.

    Oct. 12, 2018, 12:13 a.m. 5.0


    Saruta Regmi

    Having contraceptive pills make me feel dizzy, How can I fix this?? Please tell!

    Oct. 10, 2018, 11:21 a.m. 5.0


    Kanika Dewan

    I believe that everyone's body is different. For some these pills can have some side effects while on the other hand some women may not face any side effects.

    Sept. 15, 2018, 8:16 p.m. 5.0


    Gauri Pradhan

    I was using contraceptive pills for 2 years and now I am diagnosed with PCOS. Is it one of the side effects of oral contraceptive pills?

    Sept. 11, 2018, 9:19 p.m. 4.5


    Yashika Khan

    I use Yasmin birth control pills and it's really very effective. I have been using these oral contraceptive pills continuously for 2 years with no side effects. But you should use the medicines which suit your body. Firstly, I used unwanted 21 but it did not work for me. Then I switched to Yasmin t…

    June 1, 2018, 9:54 a.m. 5.0


    Umakant Rameshwar Mishra

    April 1, 2018, 10:06 a.m. 4.5


    Manisha Somria

    I am using oral contraceptive pills for 6 months and never faced any period irregularity or anything.

    March 31, 2018, 1 a.m. 5.0



    Does having contraceptive pills on regular basis, hinders the fertility of women?? Please suggest!

    Feb. 27, 2018, 2:16 p.m. 5.0



    I prefer using oral contraceptives pills rather than using IUD or any other methods. It's highly safe and easy to use.

    Dec. 12, 2017, 6:14 p.m. 5.0

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