family planning

Know about Birth Control Pills and iPill - Effectiveness, Safety

  • 4.8   (6 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 07 Dec 2017 - Written by Dr. Mehul V Sukhdiya - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Birth control pills are one of the most efficient birth control methods. Birth control pills is effective to an appreciable extent for preventing pregnancy. You need to learn how to use I-Pill to avoid pregnancy without facing much risks. Birth control pills are safe only when you do not have breast cancer, liver disease, uncontrolled high blood pressure.

Picking a birth control method can be difficult. It is very important to understand the options and then choosing the type of contraception that is appropriate for you. There are many things that affect the decision of selecting the suitable method. 

One such method is birth control pills. For preventing unwanted pregnancy these kinds of medicines with hormones needed to be taken every day. In market, there are several different brands of pills available. These pills are safe, effective and affordable if taken on time. Apart from preventing pregnancy, the tablet has its own benefits.

How birth control pills are helpful in preventing pregnancy?

Below are the ways in which the pill works:

1- It doesn't let the sperm to meet with an egg and attaining fertilization.

2- In inactivates or damages the sperm.

3- The pill's hormones help in stopping ovulation, which means there will be no egg waiting for sperm to fertilize, and ultimately, results in no pregnancy.
Birth control pills

4- It makes hard for the sperm to attach with an egg as it thickens the cervix mucus.

5- It alters the uterus lining so that the fertilized egg doesn’t attach to it.

How effective these birth control pills are?

The pill is 99% effective if used perfectly. But in reality the tablet is actually 91% effective. The only way to make it effective is to take the pill every day and starting the tablet pack on time.

How long the pills take to work?

Answer to it lies when you start taking the pills. On any day of month you can take the first birth control tablet but also keep a back up birth control method for the first 7 days.

What can affect the pill's effectiveness?

The first thing that needs to understand that pills won't work if not taken on time. The other factors that can affect the pill's efficiency is diarrhea or vomiting for more than 48 hours. It won't work at its best for overweight women. Below are some medicines that don't work well with the birth control pill:

1- The antibiotic Rifampin

2- The antifungal Griseofulvin

3- Certain HIV medicines
How to use i pill

4- Anti-seizure medicines

5- The herb St. John’s Wort

Is birth control pill safe?

For women these pills are safe but all the medicines do have some risks as well as their side effects. Please do make sure to consult the doctor.

Chances are pill will be safe for you as most of the people take it without any issue. But this pill is not meant for everyone. If you are 35 above then it is recommended not to use the tablet or any birth control, which has hormone estrogen. And if you are a smoker then you can use progestin only pills.

Avoid using birth control pills if you have any of below issue:

1- Breast Cancer

2- Bad diabetes or liver disease

3- Blood clots, inherited blood clotting disorder or vein inflammation

4- Uncontrolled high blood pressure
Oral contraceptives

5- Heart attack, angina, stroke or another serious heart issues

6- Migraine headaches

Consult doctor before taking the pills.

I Pill- Answer to all your problems

One of the leading pharmacy company Piramal Healthcare manufactured 'I-Pill' which is an emergency contraceptive pill. It is useful and quick solution for avoiding unwanted pregnancy. It is for the women between the age group of 25 to 45 years and is not suitable for teenagers. It delays ovulation and prevents egg and sperm contact.

How to use i-pill?

Go through the instructions mentioned on the package and take the tablet within 72 hours i.e. 3 days after the unprotected intercourse. Sooner you consume it, the better the chances of not getting pregnant.


Hope this article has helped you to resolve all your queries on birth control pills. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatments.

Dr. Mehul V Sukhdiya

Written by

Infertility Specialist, IVF Specialist

Dr. Mehul V Sukhdiya is an IVF specialist and endoscopic surgeon who is practicing in the field of gynecology and infertility for more than two decades. He holds medical degree namely MBBS and DGO. He provides treatment services like In vitro fertilization (IVF), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), sperm and egg donation, sperm and egg freezing, tuboplasty, testicular biopsy, myomectomy, surrogacy, IMSI, ICSI and TESA. Dr. Mehul is currently the director of Sumirans Womens Hospital and Radhe Endoscopy Training Centre and Research Institute, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad. You can find out further information regarding Dr. Mehul at


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Nitya Baxi

I have a Migraine with aura, is it safe for me to have birth control pills?

Oct. 12, 2018, 12:31 p.m. 4.5


Rukhsar Nouman

Does birth control pill require doctor's prescription or can it be taken over the counter?

Oct. 3, 2018, 5:34 p.m. 5.0


Rakenya Edmond

I get Nausea after taking birth control pills. Is there any way of preventing nausea with birth control pills?

Sept. 30, 2018, 11:56 p.m. 5.0


Kamya Singh

I have also heard that birth control pills can increase in the size of the breast because of hormonal change.

July 23, 2018, 12:12 p.m. 5.0


Shabnam Thakur

Birth control pills are hormonal contraceptive pills which control you hormones to prevent pregnancy. Although these are effective but their side effects can not be neglected.

Feb. 19, 2018, 3:51 p.m. 5.0


Samendra Thimanniya

I'm a 15 years old girl and I want to know which birth control pills should I take? I don't have any health problems so a bit of advice would really help me.

Jan. 1, 2018, 5:06 p.m. 4.5

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