family planning

Male Condoms - Effectiveness, Advantages, and Disadvantages

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  • 4.6   (8 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 12 Jul 2018 - Written by Dr. Somjate Manipalviratn - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Male condoms are one of the most common contraception and family planning methods. The effectiveness of male condoms range between 85 to 98 percent. Male condom advantages include prevention of unwanted pregnancy, STD's, HIV, and cervical cancer. Male condoms disadvantages are increased chances of allergy and reduced sensitivity.

The male condom is a late sheath that fits over the erected penis and simply prevents sperm from entering the women's uterus. Condoms are used to prevent pregnancy or unwanted pregnancy and condom offer the best protection against STI's and STD's. Condoms are one of the best birth control methods than oral contraceptive pills. Condom works best as contraception. 

Almost condoms available in the market and sold are made of latex rubber, some cheap ones are made up of a thin polyurethane (plastic) or polyisoprene material.  Condoms protect against STIs and STD's; condoms may also provide more sensation and sensitivity for men who face difficulty in maintaining an erection when using latex type condoms, and they can also be used by people who are sensitive to latex. However, they break or blast more often than latex condoms. You should know that natural skin condoms can protect you against pregnancy but contain pores that are microscopic holes that are large enough to let viruses and bacteria pass through but not enough large to let sperm pass through those holes. Condoms are better than oral contraceptive pills.

birth control methods, contraceptive pill

The effectiveness of condoms: 

This contraception called as condoms vary from 85 to 98 percent depending on how nicely they are used. If condoms are correctly used every time you have intercourse and from start to finish, condoms are 98 percent effective at preventing pregnancy.

How condoms protect against STD's and STI's:

Condoms are effective in preventing transmission of sexually transmitted infections- such as HIV, chlamydia, hepatitis B gonorrhea and trichomonas- is similar to the effective rate for pregnancy protection with a condom, or 80 to 98 percent. Protection from STIs that cause genital sores, such as herpes, and chancroid, and chancroid, or from human papillomavirus (HPV)—genital warts—is gradually decreased because the condom cannot cover all of the areas that could transmit the infection or diseases. 

Advantages:

  • Does not require advance planning to put it on or you need not visit the clinic or a prescription
  • Inexpensive, cheap and readily available at any drug store
  • Condom be carried easily and discreetly by men and women
  • A condom is a currently available method of protection against STIs, including HIV, and may help prevent cervical cancer
  • Allows men to participate in preventing pregnancy and infections
  • Condom may decrease premature ejaculation and prolong intercourse
  • Condom catches the semen, so nothing drips down from the vagina after intercourse
  • Does not affect menstrual cycles

contraception, oral contraceptive pills

Disadvantages:

  • Condom requires a brief pause to put it on
  • Condoms can reduce sensitivity
  • Some men cannot maintain an erection when using a condom and effect erection also
  • Some women and men can develop an allergy or sensitivity to latex.

How to use condoms?

The use of the condom can be the fun for the couples and that too when it is made part of sex. You should always have more than one condom on hand, by chance if one is torn or damaged before use or is not put on incorrectly, or if you change from anal to vaginal sex. Never forget to use a condom before the penis comes into contact with your mouth, anus, or vagina, as your partner may discharge a few drops of fluid long before ejaculating. While this pre-ejaculatory fluid is unlikely to cause pregnancy, it may infect you with HIV or other infectious organisms. 

1. Carefully open the packet of condom

2. Gently unroll the condom and maintain a short distance to be sure you are unrolling it in the right direction. If you put the outside of the condom against the head of the penis, discard the condom and open a new one.

3.Gently squeeze the tip of the condom and unroll it down towards groin to the base of the erect penis. The tip will hold the man’s sperm when it will be ejaculated. If you do not leave that squeezed space for the sperm to get collected, the condom is more likely to break or tear or blast.

birth control methods

4. Once the ejaculation is done and soon after it, the man should carefully and firmly withdraw his penis while it is still erected. Nicely hold the condom against the base of the penis to prevent leakage or slipping down.

5. Once removed then wrap it in tissue and discard. Never forget that you should not flush condoms down the toilet; this can cause plumbing problems. Condoms cannot be reused or they are not biodegradable, so use one condom for each time you have intercourse and then throw it away.

6. Remember, if the condom breaks, slips off the penis, or was not used while intercourse then discusses the possibility of pregnancy or infection with your partner. There is so many contraception available to prevent pregnancy and STI's and STD's that can be used after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy.

Female condoms although not so prevalent in use has various benefits over male condoms. If you feel uncomfortable with the condom, you can explore other alternative birth control methods.

Dr. Somjate Manipalviratn

Written by

Cryopreservation Specialist, Gynecologist
Bangkok

Dr. Somjate Manipalviratn MD is an infertility and cryopreservation specialist presently practicing at Jetanin Institute for Assisted Reproduction, Lumpinee, Bangkok and Superior ART. Dr. Somjate Manipalviratn is presently specializing in Fertility preservation, Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, IVF and IUI procedures. For more information regarding Dr. Somjate Manipalviratn, visit elawoman.com

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  • Birth control pills - types and effectiveness of oral contraceptive pills  birth control methods, Elawoman - 2017
  • Emergency contraceptive pills - types, how to use, contraceptive pills in india  contraceptive pills, Elawoman - 2017
  • Female condoms - benefits, tips and uses of female condoms  Condoms, Elawoman - 2017
  • How to prevent pregnancy naturally? - 5 most effective ways to avoid pregnancy  pregnancy protection, Elawoman - 2017
  • Top 10 effective natural remedies to cure menstrual cramps  menstrual cycles, Elawoman - 2017
  • Top 3 tips before you check out faint line on pregnancy test  pregnancy, Elawoman - 2017
  • Know about ovulation calendar and its impact on tracking of fertile days  intercourse, Elawoman - 2017
  • How to avoid pregnancy effectively? - top 6 methods to do it  prevent pregnancy, Elawoman - 2017
  • Female condoms - benefits, tips and uses of female condoms  Female condoms, Elawoman - 2017
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8 Comments

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Harry Den

Male condoms are available for free in public hospitals to avoid unwanted pregnancy. Every guy should upfront and use them without feeling shy.

Sept. 11, 2018, 11:12 p.m. 4.5

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John Peg

I really don't admire the feeling of using male condoms but it is the best way to avoid STDs and pregnancy. Do we have other ways other than condoms?

June 11, 2018, 3:02 p.m. 4.5

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Rupika Tayagi

Condoms are made up of latex, a very common form of plastic. It's necessary to dispose the condoms properly after their use as plastic can harm our environment.

April 12, 2018, 8 p.m. 5.0

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Deepak Vij

Along with male condoms, we have female condoms too. It's completely safe for girls to use them. Anyone one allergic to latex can use different variants of a condom.

Dec. 12, 2017, 4:55 p.m. 4.5

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Soni Singh

Taking oral contraceptive pills can be more effective if we use condoms also. Pills with condoms can be even more effective birth control method.

Aug. 23, 2017, 11:24 a.m. 4.5

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Suganya Banerjee

There are different advantages and disadvantages of the male condoms. But, you need to ensure that you are utilizing it at the right time to prevent any kind of negative effects of unprotected sex. Very helpful article.

Aug. 23, 2017, 11:20 a.m. 4.5

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Trishna Sahpathi

Though condoms are the most safe birth control method but one should use one condom at a time. Using two condoms together can break the condom which is not a preventive step.

Aug. 23, 2017, 11:17 a.m. 4.5

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Krishna

I don't have any side-effects while using condoms and I am really happy with its working.

Aug. 11, 2017, 3:53 p.m. 5.0

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