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    family planning

    Female condoms - What are the Advantages, Disadvantages, Effectiveness?

    • 4.8   (8 Votes)
    Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MS, MBBS on 11 Jul 2018 - Written by Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra - Fellowship, MS, MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MS, MBBS

    Female condoms are used by females to prevent successful contraception. Female condoms advantages are prevention of HIV, STD's, and unwanted pregnancy. Female condoms disadvantages are insertion is difficult initially, and cause discomfort. Female condom effectiveness are appreciated among the users.

    A Female Condom is a pouch type condom used by females that are directly inserted into the vagina before intercourse to prevent pregnancy and reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections or diseases. 

    birth control, oral contraceptive pills

    The contraception female condom is a very thin sheath made of nitrile polymer and can be used by the ones who have a latex allergy and female condoms come with a soft ring at both the end. One ring of the female condom is covered with polyurethane that fits over the cervix and rests behind the pubic bone, acting as an anchor to hold it back when you are having intercourse. The open and the larger outer ring covers part of the perineum and labia. The female condom is one of the best birth control methods and better than the oral contraceptive pills cause it also have adverse effects on health. 

    Likewise, male condoms, the contraception female condom is available at almost every drug store, without a prescription. As you know that it is not made of latex, it will not deteriorate when used with oil-based lubricants as latex have the negative reactions of oil base lubricants. The female condom can be inserted before 3 hours of intercourse but should be removed immediately once you have intercourse. The contraception female condom is pre-lubricated with a silicone-based lubricant and remember that female condom does not contain spermicide to stop the sperms from entering the vagina. The female condom is one of the best birth control methods and better than the oral contraceptive pills cause it also have adverse effects on health. This is very important for the couples to know that male and female condoms should not be used at the same time because due to the added friction between the two condoms could cause them to break or burst or might have adverse side effects on the skin. Like the male condom, the female condom is also intended for one-time use. 

    The effectiveness of female condom:

    The female condom is 95 % effective in preventing pregnancy and STD's when used consistently and correctly.

    Advantages of Female Condom:

    • Does not require advanced clinic visits, planning, or a prescription.
    • Provides protection against STIs or STD's, including HIV.
    • You don’t have to rely on your partner to use a condom.
    • The outer ring may stimulate the clitoris and make intercourse more magical
    • No systemic adverse side effects.
    • Does not affect menstrual cycles at all

    Disadvantages of Female Condom:

    • Female condoms are not as effective in preventing pregnancy as hormonal methods or a male condom.
    • Female condoms are cost somewhat more than a male condom and may not be as readily available.
    • Female condoms requires a brief pause to put on.
    • Can take practice before insertion becomes easy.
    • Some women find that the rings of female condoms cause discomfort.

    How to use a female condom?

    contraception, birth control methods

    Female condoms use can be fun for both partners when it is made part of intercourse.

    Carefully open the packet of contraception female condoms and find the inner (smaller) ring, which is at the closed end of the condom. Squeeze the inner ring together and push it up into your vagina with your finger to the end. The female condom is one of the best birth control methods and better than the oral contraceptive pills cause it also have adverse effects on health. 

    • When your partner's penis is erected, you will need to guide the penis through the outer ring, to make sure that the outer ring of the female condom is not pushed to the sides of the vagina.  You can use any kind of lubricant, water- or oil-based, with the female condom.
    • After intercourse, remove the female condom. Squeeze gently and twist the outer ring to keep the sperm inside the pouch and it should not seep out of the female condom.

    If you do not want to use any contraceptives, sex on safe days can be practiced to avoid unwanted pregnancy. In case, you had unprotected sex on fertile days then it's better to take emergency contraceptive pills such as  I-pill and Unwanted 72 to avoid pregnancy.

    Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra

    Written by

    Fellowship, MS, MBBS
    Laparoscopic Surgeon, Obstetrician
    "Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra is a Laparoscopic Surgeon (Obstetrics and Gynecology) and Gynecologist based in Kolkata. He has nearly 3 decades of experience. He completed his MBBS from Nil Ratan Sircar College and Hospital, Kolkata in 1990. After that, he enrolled himself in Patna Medical College, Patna in 1993 to get a degree in MS in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. He went to Australia to do his Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery from Sydney University in 2005. With a book ""State of the Art of Laparoscopic Suturing"" under his name, he has been in a successful career of performing nearly 2000 Laparoscopic Procedures. He came back to India and became a member of the Indian Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (IAGE). He is very helpful to the patients having High-Risk Pregnancies and Abnormal Vaginal or Menstrual Bleeding. The patients seeking treatment for gynecological problems like Gyne Laparoscopy, Laparoscopic hysterectomy, IUI, and IVF can consult Dr. Mahapatra at Millenium Clinic, Teghoria and Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Barasat, Kolkata. You can get his contact details on"


    • Female condoms - effectiveness, advantages, disadvantages, and risks  Female Condom, Elawoman - 2017
    • Best birth control methods for teenagers - copper t insertion, transdermal patch  birth control, Elawoman - 2017
    • Spermicide - an effective birth control method for couples  spermicide, Elawoman - 2017
    • 5 best oral contraceptive pills in india - types, advantages, side effects  oral contraceptive pills, Elawoman - 2017
    • Male condoms - effectiveness, advantages, and disadvantages  male condom, Elawoman - 2017
    • Female condoms - benefits, tips and uses of female condoms  Female condoms are cost, Elawoman - 2017
    • Ovulation time and menstrual cycle calculation - ovulation tracker app  sex on safe days, Elawoman - 2017
    • 5 best emergency contraceptive pills in india - birth control methods  I-pill and Unwanted 72, Elawoman - 2017



    Ralla Joe

    My husband doesn't admire using condoms so, I have been using female condoms for 2 years and it works great for me. It even provides protection from STDs.

    Oct. 12, 2018, 5:46 a.m. 5.0


    Jyoti Rao

    Using oral contraceptive makes me feel nausea and heavy cramps. Female condoms have none of these side effects and I am happy with its results.

    Oct. 11, 2018, 4:14 p.m. 4.5


    Shristi Regmi

    It feels like partiality after feeling the difference between female and male condoms. But a woman has other cheaper options too for birth control and that's relieving.

    April 12, 2018, 5:05 p.m. 4.5


    Shilpa Rao

    Is it possible to have an allergy to female condoms? I feel a headache and acne after using them. I think it didn't work for me!

    Sept. 17, 2017, 9:59 p.m. 4.5


    Arpita Rai

    Looks quite interesting to me. Also I've heard that female condoms need to be stored in places that aren't too hot or too cold, and keep them safe from wear and tear.

    Aug. 19, 2017, 6:21 p.m. 5.0


    Sakshi Panwar

    This can help us avoid unplanned pregnancy. I would love to use it.

    Aug. 19, 2017, 6:17 p.m. 5.0


    Soni Singh

    Female Condoms can help a woman whose male partner is not ready to use any contraception. Its lack of education that some men avoid birth control methods. When used correctly during vaginal sex, they help to protect against pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

    Aug. 19, 2017, 6:08 p.m. 4.5


    Sabby Alle

    Female condoms are too rare to find. Please suggest me with some best brand and availability. so, I could choose the best.

    May 12, 2017, 4:54 p.m. 5.0

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