How does contraceptive pills work?
Contraceptive pills or ‘the pill’ in general usage, prevents pregnancy through hormonal barrier method. These pills contain two synthetic hormones- progestin and estrogen, which stops the ovum to get released from ovaries. As a result of no egg release, sperm can’t fertilize the egg and the woman consuming the pill can’t get pregnant.
The progestin hormones in the contraceptive pills stop the production of LH (Luteinizing Hormone) from the pituitary gland which prevents egg release. Also progestin affects the endometrium or the uterus lining making it inadmissible for any fertilization. Due to progestin in birth control pills, the cervical mucous gets thick and sperms can’t swim to fallopian tube and cause a pregnancy.
The estrogen present in contraceptive pills stops the production of FH (Follicle Stimulating Hormones) along with LH (Luteinizing Hormone) which stops ovulation and help preventing unwanted pregnancy.
Types of contraceptive pills
There are essentially two kinds of birth control pills- the combination pills and the mini pills based on the availability of estrogen and progestin hormones in them.
1- Combination pills: The combination pills have the presence of both the estrogen and progestin hormones. These pills come in two forms- cycle active and inactive. The cycle active pills are hormonal pills which are taken each day during a period cycle and discontinued a week before periods. The inactive pills have no hormones and help you to continue with your regular period cycle.
2- Progestin only pills or mini pills: As the name suggests, these pills have only progestin hormones as active ingredient and suitable for women who cannot tolerate estrogen effect. These pills are active during all days of your period cycle. These pills come in two forms- cycle only pills and emergency contraceptive pills. Cycle only pills are taken every day during your menstrual cycle. However, emergency contraceptive pills are taken within a few days after unprotected sex to regulate unwanted pregnancy.
Effectiveness of contraceptive pills or birth control pills
1- Contraceptive pills have many benefits apart from checking out unwanted pregnancy. Other benefits these anti-pregnancy pills have-
2- Highly effective with a success rate of 98 %
3- Prevents cysts in breasts and ovaries
4- Prevents ovarian cancer
5- Reduces iron deficiency and bone thinning
6- Curbs out infections in ovaries, uterus linings and fallopian tubes
7- Helps reducing PMS (premenstrual syndromes)
Risks of contraceptive pills
However, birth control pills are not free from side effects or health hazards. Some of the disadvantages of contraceptive pills are-
1- Occasional spotting of blood through vagina
2- Nausea, headache, breast tenderness etc.
3- Weight gain
4- Mood swings
5- Reduced libido or sexual urge
6- Changes in vaginal discharge
7- Visual changes
What is i pill?
I pill is the most popular emergency contraceptive pill. i pill falls under progestin only birth control pills and have additional presence of Levonorgestol progestogen along with progestin. It comes with a single oral tablet kit which should be taken within 72 hours of unsafe sex to help prevent unwanted pregnancy. It is a super high level contraceptive pills and not regular birth control pills and highly effective with success rate 95%.
Benefits of i pill
1- Provides quick solution to unwanted pregnancy
2- Levonorgestol in i pill helps in regenerating dead cells and give you a flawless skin
3- Regulates period
4- Prevents endometriosis
Side effects of i pill
1- It does not protect you from HIV/AIDS or other STD (sexually transmitted diseases).
2- It can lead to irregular menstruation cycle if taken as regular contraceptive pills. This is an emergency pill. This thing should always be kept in mind.
3- A woman who has an allergy to Levonorgestrel can be harmed with this pill.
4- It can reduce sexual interest/appetite.
5- Leads to rashes in some women, nausea, headache and various hormonal imbalances
6- Abdominal pain
7- Chest pain or breathing problems
8- Blurring of vision, redness or swollen eye/s
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The pregnancy rate for failed Copper-T lies between 1 to 3 percent. Gynecologists can surgically remove the copper T using ultrasound so that it does not impact the ongoing pregnancy. In complicated situations, pregnancy has to be terminated for the removal of copper T.
I-pill, Unwanted 72, Preventol, Clr-72, No- will pill and Preventol are the best Emergency Contraceptive Pills in India. Emergency Contraceptive Pills are pills to prevent pregnancy after an unprotected sexual intercourse and most of them need to be consumed within 72 hours of unprotected session for high efficacy.
Lighter or missed period, abdominal cramp, nausea, breast tenderness and Fatigue are the early signs and symptoms of being pregnant even when on birth control. Based on research only 0.1% women get pregnant while being on birth control with no missed days. However, the most common sign of pregnancy in women, who are on birth control, is irregular or light periods. This is often confused with implantation bleeding or spotting in early pregnancy.
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