The intra uterine device IUD is one of the most popular birth control methods with an effectiveness of 99 percent. Read further to discover usage, Benefits, FACTS and Side effects of IUD
Worldwide research on IUD reports around 40% of the women preferring IUD to any other birth control contraception. IUD is a small device that is inserted inside the uterus of a woman, which helps in preventing pregnancy. It is a small and flexible T shaped plastic device that is attached with a plastic string at the end for effective placement and removal. This plastic string hangs down through the cervix to the vagina. However, it can’t be felt by any of the partners and is completely harmless.
Types of IUD
How does IUD work: mechanism behind IUD?
IUDs work primarily by preventing the sperm from fertilizing the egg released from ovaries. Both of the IUD types kill or damage the sperm trying to reach the egg. The hormonal IUD prevents fertilization by killing the sperm by producing thick mucus in the cervix. It also makes the uterus lining or endometrium very thin which hampers a fertilized egg to implant and grow.
On the other hand, the copper IUD such as copper-t releases toxic materials and make the uterus and fallopian tubes producing a toxic fluid, which kills sperm. This fluid is composed of white blood cells, prostaglandins, copper ions and enzymes.
Things you need to know before IUD insertion
How IUD is inserted?
IUD can be inserted at any time with the help of a medical professional given the condition that you are not pregnant and that you are not facing any pelvic infections. The IUD is inserted in the uterus and the procedure lasts for up to three hours depending upon your health conditions. Sometimes, some women need local anaesthesia near the cervix to get it inserted, however, it is not a necessary condition for IUD insertion.
Things to expect after IUD insertion
How to remove?
IUD depending on its type lasts upto 5-7 years. However, in case you are planning a baby before this period, you can get it removed earlier. However, you should not try to remove IUD at home and need to take help of medical professional who will remove the IUD with certain medical device for your safety.
Cost of IUD around the Globe
In developing countries, most of the IUD such as copper t comes free with an insertion as part of Government initiatives. However the cost of an IUD varies between US $100 to US $1000 based on the country you belong to. Off course the other channel are the health insurances and mediclaims that can make your IUD free of cost however they need a lot of paper work to be done. In India, copper t can be purchased for less than INR 500 however still based on longevity there are IUD brands costing upwards of INR 5000.
Benefits/ effectiveness of IUD
IUDs may introduce you to the risk of menstrual cramps or spotting from time to time if care is not taken properly.
Risk of perforation
IUDs pose the risk of perforation where the IUD gets stuck in the uterus, which can severely abuse uterus lining and overall uterus health.
Risk of expulsion
Many women report - pushing out of IUD just after insertion. However it has been seen that such things happen when IUDs have not been inserted properly.
IUD leads to uncomfortable sex
There are cases where men complain about uneasiness during sex with a woman using an IUD.
Risks of hormonal IUDs
Hormonal IUDs at times can lead to growth of ovarian cysts, breast tenderness, mood swings, tenderness/numbness in breasts, acne etc.
Risks of Copper IUDs
In some cases it has been found that Copper IUDs such as copper t may lead to many infections in the uterus like swelling of the ovaries, irregular period, accidental spotting, severe menstrual cramps etc.
Hope you like the information we have provided above. Please follow ELA Woman blogs for more updates on birth control methods and their effectiveness.
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