1. What is Zika Virus?
a- Zika Virus is spread by mosquitoes called Aedes which are mainly active during day-time. Zika Virus can spread through a mosquito bite or if mosquito leaves her saliva on food items kept in open.
b- Zika Virus belongs to a family of viruses called Flaviviridae. This virus comes from Zika Forest in Uganda. Hence, it is named Zika Virus. This is the place where it was first found in the year 1947.
c- Coming in contact with Zika Virus may lead to symptoms like fever, headache, rashes, joint pains and red eyes.
d- Zika virus carrying mosquitoes also carry other viral diseases like dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.
2. How does it affect Pregnant Women?
a- Zika Virus has very adverse effects on Pregnant Women. It can pass to fetus and can cause birth defects which are hard to cure afterwards.
b- Most of the people affected with Zika Virus may show mild or no symptoms and hence, it becomes difficult to diagnose its presence inside the body.
c- The Pregnant women who are infected with Zika Virus, sometimes show almost no symptoms - which in turn makes it the most threatening adversity of Zika Virus.
d- If not treated, Pregnant Women can pass the Zika Virus to their fetus causing severe birth defects like limited motion of joints, difficulty in swallowing, hearing and vision problems and abnormal development of brain (small heads or microcephaly).
3. What are those measures, which CDC has taken?
a- CDC has been working very efficiently in the field of preventing Zika Virus infections for Pregnant Women.
b- Scientists under CDC (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention) have tried testing Zika Virus syndrome through antibodies. But as antibodies can live inside the blood for not more than 12 weeks so this was found to be of no use for pregnant infected women.
c- As per a research of CDC Zika Virus team, it was found that out of 1,751 zika pregnancy cases in 50 states of Columbia 91 babies were born with birth defects and only 8 cases were registered with miscarriage and stillbirth issues. So it was decisively confirmed by CDC that this threat of Zika Virus is not that sever.
d- CDC has now changed the usual testing recommendation for Zika Virus to Specific Zika Virus Test, as usual blood is unable to detect infection.
e- CDC has now introduced guidelines for testing the serum and urine of the pregnant women with Zika Virus Ribonucleic Acid (RNA ) and nucleic acid testing (NAT) to allow for early diagnosis of the Virus. If such tests shows positive, its declared to be a case of acute infection of Zika Virus. For such cases CDC has provided instructions to treat the infected using a strict medicinal rehab.
f- CDC has also introduced guidelines to treat pregnant women with vaccines so that they may not get infected with Zika Virus.
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